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Why do we have…
Cell Discovery
 Robert Hooke
 Schleiden and
Schwann’s Cell Theory
 Anton von
Cell Division
 Somatic vs. Sex Cells
 Mitosis
 Meiosis
 Structure of DNA
 Nucleotides (Guanine,
Adenine, Thymine, and
 Replication
 Transcription
 Translation
Genetics & Heredity
 Gregor Mendel
“Father of Genetics”
 Laws of gentics
 Punnett’s Square
Genetic Diseases
 Tay-sach’s
 Sickle-cell anemia
 Down syndrome &
Klinefelter’s Syndrome
 Cystic fibrosis
Learned Objectives
 Students will be able to describe the roles of scientists
who played roles in cell discovery
 Students will be able to distinguish between mitosis
and meiosis as well as the 4 stages of PMAT
 Students will be able to calculate data from Punnett’s
squares and determine probabilities of inheritance
 Students will identify multiple genetic diseases and
how they impact our society
State Standards
– Identifying scientist who contributed to the Cell
– Defining important genetic terms (homozygous,
dominant, etc)
– Calculating genotypic and phenotypic percentages
and ratios using a Punnett’s Square
– Explaining relationships among DNA, genes &
– Relating genetic disorders and diseases to patterns
of genetic inheritance
Essential Question
 Where do we find cells?
Unit Questions
What is made of cells?
What do cells look like?
How do cells differ in structure and function?
How long can cells survive?
Why are living things made of cells?
Content Questions
 What is the difference between plant and
animal cells?
 How long does it take a cell to divide?
 What problems can occur in a cell?
 What are the four steps of cell division?