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LOFAR – Bornim, Germany (2009)
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Solar Radio Obervatory – Tremsdorf, GER
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SDSS – New Mexico, USA
Development of Research Technology and Infrastructure
Owing to the size of the
cosmos
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and
the
objects within, it
is rarely possible to
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emulate cosmic conGAIA
ditions in terrestrial labs,
not to speak of actual physical
experiments with astrophysical objects. Instead of experiments, astrophysicists observe the sky, to a larger and
larger extent using a small
sample of very large telescopes on sites with nearly optimum atmospheric
conditions, like in Arizona,
Chile or the Antarctica, or in
space. Astrophysics continually pushes the limits of what
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is technologically feasible. In
addition to observations, computer simulations are taking over
the role of experiments as it is possible
to simulate the behavior of astrophysical
objects under varying well defined condi-
tions. Owing to the complexity of astrophysical
XMM-Newton
systems, the demands on the available hardware and
software are extreme, and astrophysicists have
routinely been amongst the power users of na-
tional and international supercomputer centers. The scientists at the AIP have developed considerable expertise in
the areas of “Telescope Control and Robotics”, “High-Resolution Spectroscopy and Polarimetry”, “3D Spectroscopy”
and “Supercomputing and E-science”, respectively, and are internationally well established partners. The before mentioned topics constitute the development area of the institute.
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PMAS – Calar Alto, Spain
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STELLA – Tenerife, Spain
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RAVE – Siding Springs, Australia