Download Name

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Roman legion wikipedia , lookup

Military of ancient Rome wikipedia , lookup

Senatus consultum ultimum wikipedia , lookup

Roman economy wikipedia , lookup

Food and dining in the Roman Empire wikipedia , lookup

Leges regiae wikipedia , lookup

Structural history of the Roman military wikipedia , lookup

Roman historiography wikipedia , lookup

Education in ancient Rome wikipedia , lookup

Travel in Classical antiquity wikipedia , lookup

Roman tribe wikipedia , lookup

Proconsul wikipedia , lookup

Centuriate Assembly wikipedia , lookup

Rome (TV series) wikipedia , lookup

Constitutional reforms of Augustus wikipedia , lookup

Promagistrate wikipedia , lookup

Roman army of the late Republic wikipedia , lookup

Roman Kingdom wikipedia , lookup

Roman Republic wikipedia , lookup

Roman agriculture wikipedia , lookup

Culture of ancient Rome wikipedia , lookup

Executive magistrates of the Roman Republic wikipedia , lookup

Legislative assemblies of the Roman Republic wikipedia , lookup

Constitutional reforms of Sulla wikipedia , lookup

History of the Constitution of the Roman Republic wikipedia , lookup

Early Roman army wikipedia , lookup

Conflict of the Orders wikipedia , lookup

History of the Roman Constitution wikipedia , lookup

Cursus honorum wikipedia , lookup

Constitution of the Roman Republic wikipedia , lookup

Name _________________________________
Date _________
Pd _____
The Roman Republic
Becoming a Republic: How did Rome become a great power?
In 509 BC, Romans overthrew Tarquin and established a republic.
o Republic- a form of government where citizens elect their
 By 267 BC, Rome controlled most of Italy
o Strong army- all male citizens who owned land served in army
o Organized into legions (small groups of soldiers) which were
easier to manage
Who Ruled Rome:
 Built military outposts in conquered lands to protect these areas
 Treated conquered people fairly
o Roman Confederation- full citizenship (vote and serve in
government, treated like all other citizens under the law)
o Allies- (Friends) paid taxes and provided soldiers but allowed to
manage themselves
Governing Rome: How did conflict between classes change Rome’s
Patricians- ruling class, wealthy land owners from oldest families
Plebeians- middle class or poor (artisans, shopkeepers, farmers)
 Plebeians had a lower social position that patricians
o Illegal for patricians and plebeians to marry
o Could not hold office
o Could not lead ceremonies honoring the gods
Government of the Republic:
 The government of Rome had three branches_________________
o One branch made laws, another ran daily affairs of government,
and the last acted as judges
 Checks and balances made sure that one branch did not become too
 Consuls- 2 patricians who headed the government
o Acted as administrators and army leaders
o Served one year
o Could veto (say no) to each other’s ideas
 Praetors- interpreted law, judges, lead armies
 Legislature- senate (group of 300 patricians)
o Served for life
o At first, only advised consuls
o Later, debated foreign policy, proposed laws, approved
construction of roads and temples
 Assembly of Centuries- legislative group that elected consuls and
Conflict Between the Classes:
 Plebeians frustrated by having no power
 494 BC, plebeians went on strike
 Patricians decide to share power
o Allowed plebeians to have their own body of representatives
(Council of the Plebs)
o Elected officials called tribunes
o Tribunes voiced concerns to the government