... 107 B.C.
first lower class Roman to be
elected to such a high office
Set up professional army,
everyone could join.
Offered pay, land, pensions,
Helped by providing jobs, hurt
by making soldiers loyal to
general rather than the
... to feel threatened by his ideas in 121 B.C. they had him killed.
In 107 B.C., General Gaius Marius, a military hero, became
consul. Marius thought he could end Rome’s troubles by setting
up a professional army, open to everyone.
Another general, Lucius Cornelius Sulla, was given a military
command t ...
... 1. Hannibal
2. Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
3. Julius Caesar
5. Mark Antony
9. Pontius Pilate
14. Marcus Aurelius
15. Attila the Hun
The Roman Empire
... E. Caesar was killed by senators in 44 B.C.- civil unrest lasted for 13 years
William Shakespeare`s The Tragedy of Julius Caesar Act II
... Using the pathfinders and helpful websites, please research the following information about
ancient Rome. In your lesson, you will address this historical content and explain/analyze the
historical accuracy of Shakespeare’s tragedy.
Research the following:
1. What are the origins of the Roman Senate ...
Notes for The Tragedy of Julius Caesar
... Notes for The Tragedy of Julius Caesar
Triumvirs: (THREE) rulers share power
o Senators: Ruling body subordinate to Caesar as dictator (In Ancient Rome,
dictators were appointed in an emergency.) Senators represented nobility
Tribunes [of the people]: had limited p ...
The Foundations of Rome
... a. What was unusual about the legendary founders of Rome?
b. In what ways do you think the rule of the Etruscans might have been good
c. How did plebeian life change after 494 BC? Why?
d. What were the duties of the magistrates?
e. How could the tribunes influence the magistrates?
f. How c ...
The Collapse of the Republic
... full Roman citizenship
• Augustus was probably the best, most capable
of all the emperors (too bad he was the 1st)
• In spite of a number of poor, lousy, malicious,
and insane emperors, the empire would last
another 400 years after his death due to the
civil service he set up.
• These paid workers w ...
Chapter 3 Notes
... In 44 B.C., Caesar’s _____________gathered around him as he entered the senate and stabbed him to
From Republic to Empire:
After Caesar’s death _______ war broke out. Caesar’s nephew, (18 years old), ___________, Mark
Antony, and Marcus Lepidus defeated those who killed _______. Then they fo ...
1 CLAS 111 Final Exam Review sheet: I cannot guarantee
... Romans: effective end of struggle of orders
264-241 First Punic War
218-201 Second Punic War
149-146 Third Punic War
133 Tiberius Gracchus tribune of the plebs
107 Marius consul for first time
91-89 Social War (war between Rome and its Italian allies)
88 Sulla marches on Rome
83-81 Civil war between ...
Senatus consultum ultimum
Senatus consultum ultimum (""Final decree of the Senate"" or Final Act, often abbreviated SCU), more properly senatus consultum de re publica defendenda (""Decree of the Senate about defending the Republic"") is the modern term (based on Caesar's wording at Bell. Civ. 1.5) given to a decree of the Roman Senate during the late Roman Republic passed in times of emergency. The form was usually consules darent operam ne quid detrimenti res publica caperet or videant consules ne res publica detrimenti capiat (""let the consuls see to it that the state suffer no harm""). It was first passed during the fall from power of Tiberius Gracchus in 133 BC, and subsequently at several other points, including during Lepidus' march on Rome in 77 BC, the Conspiracy of Catiline in 63 BC, and before Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon in 49 BC. The senatus consultum ultimum effectively replaced the disused dictatorship, by removing limitations on the magistrates' powers to preserve the State. After the rise of the Principate, there was little need for the Senate to issue the decree again.