... The Kalends is the first day of the month and was celebrated as a religious holy day to Juno, the
Roman Queen Goddess. In the earliest Roman lunar calendar, the Kalends was the day of the New
Moon. In Roman society, interest on a debt was due on the Kalends. Under the lunar calendar, a
pontifex (pri ...
... brothers, who had held votes to remove magistrates from office when they opposed a
vote of the people, Gabinius called the tribes to vote on the Rogatio Gabinia de
magistrate L. Trebellio abrogando. This would have stripped L. Trebellius of his
tribunate if, during the voting, he had not withdrawn h ...
View - OhioLINK ETD
... to the civil war. However, much of previous scholarship falls short due to its reliance
on now discredited ideas about the structure and nature of politics in the late
Republic, ideas specifically relating to political alliances based on prosopography. 1
This paper seeks to build upon newer ideas o ...
The Gracchi Marius and Sulla Epochs Of Ancient History
... It would be scarcely possible for anyone writing on the period
embraced in this volume, to perform his task adequately without making
himself familiar with Mr. Long's 'History of the Decline of the Roman
Republic' and Mommsen's 'History of Rome.' To do over again (as though
the work had never be ...
The Gracchi Marius and Sulla - International World History Project
... of two parts--the governing body, or patres, to whom alone the term
Populus Romanus strictly applied, and who constituted the Roman State,
and the governed class, or clientes, who were outside its pale. The
word patrician, more familiar to our ear than the substantive from
which it is formed, came t ...
Blueprint for Legal Practice: Establishing Cicero`s Ideal Style
... Direct interaction with Roman law is entirely necessary for the most complete analysis of
Cicero’s style and practice, therefore it is important to analyze the fundamentals of Roman law
and show its progression from its institution at the beginning of the Republican period, to the
time of Cicero him ...
The Censor in the Late Republican Empire and His Meaning for
... Censors were elected in the Centuriate meeting, with a consul as chairperson. (Note 15) Both censors had to be elected
on the same day. If the election was not completed on the same day, it was considered invalid and a new meeting had to
be held. (Note 16) Once the censors were elected and the censo ...
Ambitus in the Late Roman Republic (80-50 BC)
... Republic. 21 According to Malem Seña, corrupt behaviour implies three things:
The violation of duties of an office granted by the state, an attempt to benefit
privately, though not necessarily by gaining money, and a normative
condemnation of such behaviour, whether from a legal, social or ethical s ...
university of florida thesis or dissertation formatting template
... The Fasti, the ancient Roman calendar controlled by the pontifex maximus and recently
reformed by Julius Caesar in the first century B.C., represented a strong political tool since it
gave the pontifex maximus and later the Caesars virtual control over time. During the republic
politicians had used ...
The Seed of Principate: Annona and Imperial Politics
... primitivism argues that since the ancients lack economic vocabulary, especially for the public
economics, the ancients make their decisions on non-economic social grounds.29 Given that
assumption, the primitivists conclude that economic analysis should not be applied to the ancient
world. I protest ...
... thriving, then it was a sign that the Vestals were doing their job. The converse was true as well,
should the Republic falter, it meant a Vestal was not doing her job. Virginity was a sign of a
civilized state, and the loss of it in the case of a Vestal Virgin meant that Rome was sliding back
Sextus Pompeius: Rebellious Pirate or Imitative Son?
... vengeance, and not necessarily as lawlessness. In a way, even though
all hope of defeating Caesar was lost, Sextus probably envisioned
himself as the participant in a righteous family feud with the Caesarians.
In the wake of the Ides of March, 44 B.C.E., Julius Caesar was
dead and his adopted son Oc ...
Reflections on Titus and Josephus
... be accepted as truthful. Tacitus, according to Bernays, had no obligations towards the Flavians, did not have to flatter them, and told
things as they were. Bernays compared this passage with other Latin
sources (Val.Flac. 1.13; Sil.Ital. 3.600, 605, 607, 629; Suet. Tit. 5) and
confirmed his view th ...
... 13. Claudius was credited with rebuilding what structure which had been completed
in 55 BC but subsequently burned down? The building was the largest and first of
its kind, skirting the laws of the time by including a small shrine to Venus at the back
thus making it, technically, a temple. It's best ...
- University of Glasgow
... consensus that the pontifex maximus, despite his nominal superiority in religious matters, was
no more significant a figure in Rome’s public life than the other senior religious personnel
who had their own areas of competence and unique functions to perform. According to this
same view it was August ...
Historia - Franz Steiner Verlag
... relatively late writers such as Valerius Antias could have departed radically from the
received tradition and hoped to get away with it’. Equally, Rome’s very first historian,
Fabius Pictor was not in a position to make things up either; his contemporaries would
have been ‘familiar with the main ele ...
Study Notes on Cicero and Natural Law
... territory. A social and economic gulf between the landed equestrian order, to which Cicero's family
belonged, and a lower class existed. The latter increasingly located to the city of Rome where, easily
manipulated by demagogues, they demanded more favorable re-distribution of money and land.
umi-ku-2467_1 - KU ScholarWorks
... civilizations: since the two cultures had developed in such close proximity there were
bound to be similarities. These similarities in culture would have faded into the
background with time, forcing some Etruscan rituals into the category of “other” and
the rest into the category of “archaic.” By th ...
Mark scheme - Unit A032 - The rise of Rome - June
... areas such as IT, business, languages, teaching/training, administration and secretarial skills.
It is also responsible for developing new specifications to meet national requirements and the
needs of students and teachers. OCR is a not-for-profit organisation; any surplus made is
invested back into ...
Roman Rape: An Overview of Roman Rape Laws from the
... theirpaterfamilias.'9 In addition, "both... the family cult and the institu13. Note that a man who wanted children with an unwilling wife could resort to rape to
impregnate her. Id. But see TREGGIARI, supra note 9, at 406 (stating that induced abortion and contraception were options though they were ...
Rome`s vestal virgins: public spectacle and society
... as a collective unifier through creating and reinforcing a commonly experienced emotion
across rigid social divides, including class, gender, and legal status among others. They also
reinforced this sentiment and help to foster a Roman identity. Furthermore, spectacles
associated this identity with ...
1 The Roman gens` influence on loci of power in
... In 509 BCE, the last king of Rome, Tarquin (Tarquinius Superbus), had been
expelled as a result of a revolution led by L. Junius Brutus and L. Tarquinius Collatinus
(Livy, Rom. Hist. 1.58-59). The immediate reason for this had been the rape of
Brutus’ relative, Lucretia, by Tarquinius’ son Sextus (L ...
Breaking the Code – Time and Seasons Part IV
... Roman writers attributed the original Roman calendar to Romulus, the mythical founder of Rome
around 753 BC. The Romulus calendar had ten months with the spring equinox in the first
month. The regular calendar year consisted of 304 days, with the winter days after the end of
December and before the ...
The leges regiae (""royal laws"") were early Roman laws, which classical historians, such as Plutarch, mentioned had been introduced by the Kings of Rome.Though sometimes questioned, scholars generally accept that the laws (or their ultimate sources) originated very early in Roman history, even as early as the period of the Roman Kingdom. For example, recent research has discovered previously unknown fragments quoted by ancient writers and some changes have been made about attribution to the various kings.The position of the king during the entire Regal period was that of a political, military, religious, and judiciary chief of the community, even if the actual duties were delegated and entrusted to his many auxiliaries.