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Term III
Name:___________________ Grade: 7
/ /
The Roman Republic
A) Focus: What causes change in government today?
a. Dissatisfaction with the lack of representation.
b. Economic and political problems.
c. War or elections.
B) Vocabulary:
1. Republic: When the Romans elected leaders, they called the
government a republic.
2. Consul: The Roman assembly elected two chief officials, or consuls.
3. Dictator: A dictator is a ruler with complete authority.
4. Senate: The elected consuls were advised by a governing body called
the senate.
5. Patrician: Patricians were the descendants of Roman earliest settlers, or
upper class. Patricians formed the upper class.
6. Plebeian: Plebeians were the farmers, merchants, soldiers and craft
workers. Plebeians formed the lower class.
7. Tribune: The Plebeians rebelled and elected their own special officials
called the tribunes. Tribunes were the plebeians’ representatives in the
8. Veto: The tribunes could attend meetings of the senate and veto, or
refuse to agree to, any laws they did not like.
9. Province: The Romans divided the land they ruled into provinces, or selfgoverning regions.
C) Questions:
1. Page 255: How did geography affect early people of the Italian
The low mountains brought the people together and the lack of good
harbors kept them from trading with outsiders.
2. Page 256: Why was the area around Rome a good place to settle?
Good soil for farming, natural resources for building, and location that
protected settlers.
3. Page 258: What form of government did the Romans set up after they
freed themselves from Etruscan rule?
A republic.
4. Page 259: What lands did Rome conquer between 500 B.C. and 146
Peninsulas of Italy and Greece, Macedonia, parts of southwestern Asia
and northern Africa.
5. Page 260: What kind of ruler was Julius Caesar?
A Dictator.
D) Lesson Review:
D) Review Questions: Page 260
1. What three forms of government did Rome have between 600 B.C. and
44 B.C.? Monarchy, republic, dictatorship.
2. What caused each change in Rome’s government? Not wanting one
person to rule them, the Romans changed from Monarchy to Republic,
but when there was disorder, or conflict, they chose dictatorship.
3. Has our country ever changed its form of government? If so, describe
the changes.
Yes because many new laws have been introduced to the constitution.
4. At first; only patricians could become Roman senators. How might a
patrician have felt differently than a plebeian about this?
Patricians thought it was unfair that plebeians share the government,
but the plebeians felt it was unfair they would not have representatives
in the government.