Download Psychology Perspectives

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Abnormal psychology wikipedia, lookup

Social perception wikipedia, lookup

Attitude change wikipedia, lookup

Impression formation wikipedia, lookup

Neuroeconomics wikipedia, lookup

Adherence management coaching wikipedia, lookup

Operant conditioning wikipedia, lookup

Descriptive psychology wikipedia, lookup

Behaviorism wikipedia, lookup

Social cognitive theory wikipedia, lookup

Theory of reasoned action wikipedia, lookup

Behavior analysis of child development wikipedia, lookup

Theory of planned behavior wikipedia, lookup

Attribution (psychology) wikipedia, lookup

Psychological behaviorism wikipedia, lookup

Verbal Behavior wikipedia, lookup

Applied behavior analysis wikipedia, lookup

Thin-slicing wikipedia, lookup

Social Bonding and Nurture Kinship wikipedia, lookup

Social psychology wikipedia, lookup

Behavioral modernity wikipedia, lookup

Insufficient justification wikipedia, lookup

Developmental psychology wikipedia, lookup

Symbolic behavior wikipedia, lookup

Observational methods in psychology wikipedia, lookup

Transtheoretical model wikipedia, lookup

Organizational behavior wikipedia, lookup

Conservation psychology wikipedia, lookup

Experimental psychology wikipedia, lookup

Cognitive science wikipedia, lookup

Subfields of psychology wikipedia, lookup

Music psychology wikipedia, lookup

Cross-cultural psychology wikipedia, lookup

History of psychology wikipedia, lookup

Hypostatic model of personality wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Psychology
Perspectives
(approaches to
studying psychology)
psy·chol·o·gy
Noun:
1.
The scientific study of the human mind and its
functions, esp. those affecting behavior in a given
context.
2.
The mental characteristics or attitude of a person
or group.
Behaviorism
• View people and animals as controlled by their
environment
• We are the result of what we have learned from
our environment
• how environmental factors (called stimuli) affect
observable behavior (called the response).
– Classical conditioning
– Operant conditioning
• Only observable behavior should be studied,
since it is the only thing that can be measured
Behaviorism
•
•
•
•
Thorndike
Skinner
Watson
Pavlov
Psychodynamic/Psychoanalytic
Perspective
• Behavior is determined by the
unconsciousness mind and early
childhood experiences
• We are motivated by impulse rooted in our
unconscious mind
• Both a perspective and a therapy
Psychodynamic/Psychoanalytic
Perspective
• Freud
– Jung
Humanism
• Looks at the “whole person”
• Looks at human behavior not only through
the eyes of the observer, but through the
eyes of the person doing the behaving
• Behavior is connected to inner feelings
and self image
• We all are good, and strive to reach full
potential (self actualization)
Humanism
• Carl Rogers
• Abraham Maslow
Cognitive
• Studies the mental act or process by
which knowledge is acquired
• Memory, perception, attention
• Scientific approach that uses lab
experiments to study behavior
Cognitive
• Wundt
• Piaget
Biological
• believes that most behavior is inherited
and has an adaptive (or evolutionary)
function
• explain behaviors in neurological terms,
the physiology and structure of the brain
and how this influences behavior
• Uses drug therapy to treat mental illness
Biological
• Darwin
Socio-Cultural
• based on the assumption that our
personalities, beliefs, attitudes. and skills
are learned from others
• culture, ethnic identity, gender identity,
socio-economic status
• More recent approach to studying human
behavior
Socio-Cultural
Conclusion
• No one perspective is the “right” or “only”
perspective
• Each has strengths and weaknesses
• Most psychologist agree that we must use
multiple approaches/perspectives to
explain human behavior
– McLeod, S. A. (2007). Psychology Perspectives. Retrieved from
http://www.simplypsychology.org/perspective.html