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Transcript
REReP regional meeting on “Energy and
climate” in South Eastern Europe
May 22-23rd, 2008
Brussels, Belgium
Croatia
MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION,
PHYSICAL PLANNING AND CONSTRUCTION
Short overview of the climate change and energy status,
regional/cross-border projects, reporting
1
Status of implementation of climate
change/energy activities
• First National Communication under the UNFCCC submitted on February 1,
2002
• Consolidated Second, Third and Fourth National Communication under the
UNFCCC, in accordance with Decision 4/CP.8, submitted on February 6,
2007. It contains an overview of GHG emissions between 1990 and 2003,
and policies and measures undertaken from 1996 up to 2005
• Fifth National Communication is scheduled for 2010
2
Status of implementation of climate
change/energy activities
• National Climate Change Mitigation Strategy and Action Plan for
implementation of the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol in Croatia has
been adopted through Plan for Protection and Improvement of Air Quality
in Croatia (2008-2011) on May 8, 2008
• Short-term objective up to 2012 is reduction of GHG emissions – 5%
compared to level in base year 1990, long-term objective,
• ETS. National Registry establishment
• Energy Development Strategy (2002) is currently under revision
• Master Plan of Energy Efficiency (2008) is currently under preparation
(goal is energy end use saving of 9% by 2016)
• MEPPPC has a competence and coordinating role in implementation of
measures under the climate change policy in Croatia
• Creating the institutional framework for the usage of the Kyoto flexible
mechanisms is in progress
3
Regional and cross-border
projects in climate change/energy
• UNDP/GEF Project RER/01/G31: “Capacity Building for Improving
the Quality of GHG Inventories (Europe/CIS region)” (2003-2006)
• Project implemented in following countries: Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia,
Albania, Moldova, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Tajikistan,
Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Mongolia
• Aimed to improve the quality of data inputs to national GHG inventories in
participating countries
• Manuals of procedures for compiling, archiving, updating and managing
GHG inventories have been prepared for the training of national inventory
teams
• National Quality Assurance and Quality Control Guidance have been
prepared
4
Regional and cross-border
projects in climate change/energy
•Virtual Balkan Power Centre for Advance of Renewable Energy Sources
in Western Balkans
Project belongs to the Sixth Framework Programme
Duration: 2005 – 2007
International cooperation of 17 institutions and companies from 11
countries
Western Balkan countries have significant still not sufficiently used
renewable energy sources potentials!
Special attention should be devoted to underdeveloped and isolated
areas, where RES can be important driver for economy development
5
Regional and cross-border
projects in climate change/energy
•Strategies to Promote Small Scale Hydro Electricity Production in Europe
under the Intelligent Energy Europe programme
Duration: 2007 – 2010
International cooperation of Italy, Croatia, Norway, Greece and Austria
Project coordinator: Provincia di Cremona, Italy
Croatian partner: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture,
University of Zagreb
•Addressing Barriers to Storage Technologies for Increasing the Penetration of
Intermittent Energy Sources
under the Intelligent Energy Europe programme
Duration: 2007 – 2010
International cooperation of Greece, Croatia, Spain, Portugal, United Kingdom,
Belgium, Italy and Cyprus
Project coordinator: Centre for Renewable Energy Sources, Greece
Croatian partner: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture,
University of Zagreb
6
Regional and cross-border
projects in climate change/energy
•Advanced Decentralised Energy Generation Systems in Western Balkans ADEG,
Project belongs to the Sixth Framework Programme
Duration: 2005 – 2007
International cooperation of Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia,
Greece, Germany and Portugal
Project coordinator: NTUA - National Technical University of Athens,
Greece
Croatian partner: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval
Architecture, University of Zagreb
7
ADEG database
http://powerlab.fsb.hr/adeg/
8
Regional and cross-border
projects in climate change/energy
•WEB-ENV Development of Environmental Guidelines for the Region of Western
Balkan
under the FP6 programme
Duration: 2005 – 2007
International cooperation of Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Croatia
and Greece
Project coordinator: Centre for Renewable Energy Sources, Greece
Croatian partner: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture,
University of Zagreb
9
Regional and cross-border
projects in climate change/energy
CEUBIOM project
• Under the Framework Programme 7 within the 'Energy Thematic Area'
• contributes to 'Harmonization of biomass resource assessment' activities
• focus on assessing and optimizing the availability of biomass resources
• Hungary, Germany, Croatia, Rumania, Slovenia, Greece, Poland,
Austria, Macedonia, Czech Republic, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Italy,
Slovakia, Bulgaria and Ukraine
• 3 year project
10
Climate Change reporting
• Croatia is an Annex I Party of the UNFCCC (country with
economy in transition), since 1996
• Croatia ratified the Kyoto Protocol on April 27, 2007 (173rd
country), which entered into force on August 28, 2007
• Annex B Party with commitment of 5% reduction of GHG
emissions in the period 2008-2012 (domestic measures/Kyoto
Mechanisms)
11
Climate Change reporting
• Regulation on GHG emissions monitoring in Croatia (January, 2007).
• By this Regulation, the National system for monitoring all emissions by
sources and removals by sinks of all GHG is established.
• The GHG monitoring system is consisted of following elements:
• National System for calculation and reporting according to Decision
19/CMP.1;
• National GHG Emission Registry;
• Report on implementation and effects of policies and measures for
climate change mitigation;
• Report on GHG emission projections, and
• National Communication under the UNFCCC.
12
Climate Change reporting
• Croatia prepares its annual National Inventory Reports (NIR) on GHG
emissions and removals since 2003, in compliance with the UNFCCC
requirements and IPCC Guidelines
• The last submitted is NIR 2007, for the period 1990-2005
• Contains data on GHG emission for: CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6,
and on indirect GHG emission: CO, NOx, NMVOC, SO2
• Sources and sinks of GHG emissions are divided in six main sectors:
1) Energy 74.8%; 2) Industrial Processes 11.3%; 3) Solvent Use 0.5%;
4) Agriculture 11.5%; 5) Land-Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry 25.5%;
6) Waste 1.9%
• Total GHG emissions in 2005 amounted to 30.5 mil. t CO2 eq
• Scenarios comprising GHG projections in the “post-Kyoto” period up to
2020, with a view up to 2030 and 2050 are in preparation
13
Climate Change reporting
GHG emissions and removals by sectors in
the period 1990-2005 (Gg CO2 eq)
14
Climate Change reporting
Scenario for 2012 with projections till 2020
44,0
42,0
"No measures" scenario
40,0
38,0
base year
1000 Gg CO 2eq
36,0
34,0
32,0
Kyoto target
(base year x 0.95)
30,0
28,0
"With measures" scenario
26,0
24,0
22,0
20,0
1990
1992
1994
1996
1998
2000
2002
2004
2006
2008
2010
2012
2014
2016
2018
2020
Kyoto razdoblje
Scenarij 'bez mjera'
Scenarij 's mjerama'
Emisije do 2004. godine
Kyoto cilj (bazna godina x 0,95)
Bazna godina
15