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Transcript
Urban Sustainability in
Philadelphia
Darlene Messina, Coordinator:
Environmental and Urban Sustainability
Initiatives (EUSI), Managing Directors
Office
Thomas Weir, Chief of Program Services,
Philadelphia Department of Public Health,
Air Management Services
1
What is Urban Sustainability?
• Planning for development with the goal of
meeting current needs equitably, while
taking steps to ensure that adequate
resources are available for future
generations.
– Natural environment
– Public health
– Economic future
– Individual and Collective decision-making
2
Climate Change Importance in
Philly
• It is estimated that cities may be responsible for
up to 75% of total GHG emissions
• Philadelphia is below average in terms of each
citizen’s contribution to GHG, but there are still
many ways we can make citywide reductions
3
Philadelphia’s Progress & Assets
Toward Sustainability
• Cities for Climate Protection Program: International Council for Local
Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) – In 1999, the City agreed to a
goal to reduce greenhouse gases by 10% from 1990 levels.
• U.S. Mayors’ Climate Protection Agreement (U.S. Conference of
Mayors) –In 2005, the City agreed to a goal to reduce greenhouse
gases in line with the U.S. target under the Kyoto Protocol, 7% from
1990 levels. .2nd step CCAP – draft
• Large Cities Climate Leadership Group (William J. Clinton
Foundation) – In 2006, the City committed to action to reduce urban
carbon emissions and adapt to climate change (C-40).
• Categorical Progress – however, it has not been fully integrated into
comprehensive Citywide plan.
• Good marks on SustainLane report, but there is much room for
improvement
• Network of advocacy groups, and public and private investment in
sustainability issues.
4
Philadelphia Sustainlane
• Philadelphia got
highest marks
for Local Food
and Agriculture,
Green Economy,
City Commuting,
Energy/Climate
Change Policy,
and Metro Public
Transit
5
Sustainability: Climate Change,
Ecosystems and Health
Human Impacts on Local Climate and Air Quality
• University of Southern California Study – Traffic pollution
harms children’s lungs: Children who live within 500
meters of a freeway have substantial and permanent
deficits in lung function as they mature. The adverse
effects of local traffic exposure on lung development is
independent of the adverse effect of regional pollutants.
January 26 Online First issue of The Lancet.
• New England Journal of Medicine Study – Cities with
higher PM2.5 levels from autos and power plants adds
greater heart risk for older women. February 1, 2007
• Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Report –
global warming impacts in 21st century “would very likely
be larger than those observed during the 20th century…"
February 2007
6
Diesels and Climate Change
• In the United States
– Trucking accounts for 60 percent of freight
energy use, consuming 2.3 million barrels of
oil per day in 2000.
– Energy used per ton-mile has shown only
modest improvement over the last several
decades.
– Diesel trucks emit approximately 7 percent of
greenhouse gas emissions
(5 percent in Philadelphia)
7
Reductions in Fuel Use
• Significant reductions in heavy –duty fuel
consumption can be achieve through new
and existing technologies.
• Wal-mart announced a broad fuel
consumption improvement program that is
expected to double the energy efficiency
of its commercial truck fleet.
8
The Inventory
• Philadelphia County only
• Includes all fuels used – vehicles, heating,
industrial processes
• Includes all electricity used – lighting,
pumps, traffic and street lights
• Accounts for waste generated by the city.
9
The Inventory
• Community and Government Subsets
1990 base year
1997 and 2006 interim years
2010 forecast year
• Community Analysis (Tons eCO2)
19,003,872 (1990 Emissions) - 16,797,794 (2010
Emissions)
11.61% reduction
• Government Analysis (Tons eCO2)
584,830 (1990 Emissions) – 532,768 (2010 Emissions)
8.90% reduction
10
Compiling the Greenhouse Gas
Emission Inventory
• International Council for Local
Environmental Initiatives
(ICLEI) Clean Air and Clean
Protection (CACP) Software
• Support and participation of
numerous City agencies and
departments
http://www.iclei.org/, http://www.cacpsoftware.org/
11
Community Emissions
Community GHG Emissions
City of Philadelphia
Million Tonnes CO2 Equivalent
17.5
17
16.5
16
10% Reduction = 1.7 million tonnes
15.5
15
14.5
14
1990
1997
2006
Projected
2010
Actual
12
Community Sectors
Community Analysis (Tons eCO2)
7,000,000
6,000,000
5,000,000
4,000,000
3,000,000
2,000,000
1,000,000
0
1990
1997
2006
W
as
te
n
Tr
an
sp
or
ta
tio
ria
l
In
du
st
er
cia
l
Co
m
m
Re
sid
en
tia
l
2010
13
Community Sources
1990 Community Tons eCO2 by Source
d
W
oo
oa
l
te
C
Fu
el
y
W
as
O
il
el
ie
s
ue
l
tF
D
O
il
e
ol
in
H
ea
v
Li
gh
G
as
lG
as
N
El
at
ur
a
ec
t
ric
ity
8,000,000
7,000,000
6,000,000
5,000,000
4,000,000
3,000,000
2,000,000
1,000,000
-
2010 Community Tons eCO2 by Source
d
W
oo
oa
l
C
W
as
te
O
il
ea
v
y
Fu
el
el
ie
s
D
ue
l
tF
Li
gh
H
O
il
e
ol
in
G
as
lG
as
at
ur
a
N
El
ec
t
ric
ity
7,000,000
6,000,000
5,000,000
4,000,000
3,000,000
2,000,000
1,000,000
0
14
Government Emissions
Government GHG Emissions
City of Philadelphia
0.54
Million Tonnes CO2 Equivalent
0.53
0.52
0.51
0.5
0.49
0.48
10% Reduction = 0.477 million tonnes
0.47
0.46
0.45
1990
1997
2006
Projected
2010
Actual
15
Government Sectors
Government Analysis (Tons eCO2)
300,000
250,000
200,000
150,000
100,000
50,000
0
1990
1997
2006
te
W
as
ag
e
W
at
er
/S
e
w
ht
s
et
lig
St
re
le
hi
c
Ve
Bu
ild
in
g
s
Fl
ee
t
2010
16
Government Sources
1990 Government Tons eCO2 by Source
500,000
400,000
300,000
200,000
100,000
0
Electricity
Natural
Gas
Gasoline
Diesel
Light Fuel
Oil
Waste
2010 Government Tons eCO2 by Source
450,000
400,000
350,000
300,000
250,000
200,000
150,000
100,000
50,000
0
Electricity
Natural
Gas
Gasoline
Diesel
Light Fuel
Oil
Waste
17
Government Emissions
Government GHG Emissions by Plan Element, 2006
26%
60%
14%
Buildings
Transportation
Industry and Waste
18
Government Emissions
Building GHG Emissions by Source, 2006
18%
3%
79%
Electricity
Light Fuel Oil
Natural Gas
19
Sources
• Municipal Energy Office – Kent Miller
• City Planning Commission
• Delaware Valley Regional Planning
Commission
• Streets Department
• Office of Fleet Management
• Water Department
• Company Data
20
Philadelphia Sustainability
Initiative
• Not fully defined yet
– Short Term Goals, e.g. developing policies and
training programs, supporting legislative options for
reduction
• Tracking
• Benchmarks
• Reporting Progress
– Long Term Goals, e.g. green building, participate in
initiatives that will generate new technologies
• Strengthening Private/Public Partnerships
• New Opportunities
21
Climate Change Action Plan
• From the City’s Climate Change Action Plan:
“GHG emissions from the transportation sector
are generated from the consumption of fuels by
transportation vehicles, including automobiles,
all forms of material transport, and all forms of
public transport. Efforts to reduce GHG
emissions from transportation will reduce the
total vehicle miles traveled by those vehicles,
use less polluting sources/mixes of fuel, and/or
increase the efficiency of the forms of transport.”
22
Next Steps
• Prioritization on political agenda
• Education, outreach and awareness of the
economic, environmental and human cost
of GHGs
• Creative funding streams and dedicated
funding sources
• Crafting best practices and local policy
• Supporting state and national legislation
23
How PDD Can Help
• PDD can be part of this overall initiative to reduce GHGs:
– Technology:
•
•
•
•
Reduced Fuel Use (Aux. Power Units, Truck Stop Electrification)
Alternative Fuels (biofuels, emulsified fuels)
Diesel hybrids
Other technologies, e.g. electrified offroad equipment
– Education and Outreach (Think globally, act locally!)
• Press Events
• Materials
– Participation in other programs: support Clinton Institute's idea of regional
purchasing consortium for green technology – more options at a lower
price, to the benefit of all
– Experiences with Public-Private Partnership – could be applicable to new
stakeholder groups (e.g. green buildings)
24
Ideas and Questions?
25