Download China Resists Imperialism

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Western imperialism in Asia wikipedia, lookup

New Imperialism wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
China Resists Imperialism
What were the causes of the Opium Wars?
The Opium Wars
• Very little trade between China & the West
• Only trade involved silk & tea for silver which favored China
• Britain wanted to change this trade policy, so it favors the West
• Britain brings technology gifts to China, Chinese are unimpressed
• British bring opium from India to China
• 1835: 12 million Chinese were hooked on the drug – Chinese Qing Emperor
tries to ban opium
• Emperor’s advisor complains to Britain’s Queen Victoria
• Queen ignores him and Britain continues trading in
Opium
• 1839: China tries to destroy British opium. Britain
starts “Opium Wars”
Stop
selling
drugs to
our people!
• Chinese loses the war
•1842: Treaty of Nanjing gives Britain the island of Hong Kong
& extraterritorial rights (foreigners not subject to Chinese
Law)
Poppy Plant
Deal
with it!
Taiping Rebellion
• Rebellions break out against the Qing Government for not protecting China
• 1850: Hong Xiuquan forms a peasant army and attacks the Qing Govt.
• Hong’s movement is called the Taiping Rebellion
• 1864: Empress Cixi asks British & French to help defeat Hong’s army – 20 million+
killed in Taiping rebellion
• Qing Govt. owes the west – more trade to come
• European countries & Japan begin to compete to bring China under their Sphere
of Influence
• Fearing another “Scramble for Africa”, the US negotiates the open door policy, which allowed all nations
trade with China
BoxerRebellion
• The new Qing Emperor wants to end o.d. policy
• He is arrested & replaced by Empress Cixi who expands foreign influence
•1900: Many Chinese were angry and began to revolt during the
Boxer Rebellion
•Although the Boxers were beaten, China knew it must reform – elections
& Const. Monarchy urged!