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Tuesday, October 18th, 2011
BELL WORK
1.
What is Industrialization? (Glossary)
2.
What is Imperialism? (Glossary)
3.
What is Nationalism? (Glossary)
4.
List three Natural Resources? (Notes)
Review
►
Industrialization
►
Social Darwinism
►
Imperialism
►
African Resistance
►
Europeans create colonies
in Africa
►
England creates a colony
in India
►
Europeans seek:
-Natural Resources
-New Markets
-Spread Religion
►
“Jewel in the crown”
►
Sepoy’s
►
Opium!
►
Modern Tech
California State Standard
► 10:4:4
► Describe
the independence struggles of the
colonized regions of the world, including the
roles of leaders such as Sun Yat-sen in
China, and the roles of ideology and
religion.
Objectives
1.
Why did China fall behind the West
during the 1800s?
2.
What are Extraterritorial Rights?
3.
What is an Open Door Policy?
4.
Who were the Boxers and what
was their objective?
►What
do you know about China?
China Resists Outside Influence: Ch. 12.1
► Main
Idea: Western econ. pressure forces China to
open to foreign trade and influence.
► Why
it Matters: China is becoming an increasingly
important member of the global community.
Great Britain
China
India
► 1793
Setting the Stage: Objective 1
►Sino-centric-
China was the Center of the universe.
(Out of pride in their culture the Chinese looked down
on all foreigners)
►West
had nothing to offer China?
Many inventions came out of china- Paper,
gunpowder
►
►Built
Great Wall of China Why?
►Didn't
modernize during Industrial Revolution
China and the West 1600-1800’s
►
Qing Dynasty
 China was able to reject
the West
 China was self
sufficientAble to provide for
themselves without
the help of others
►
1600-1800 Cont.
1. Healthy agricultural econ.


Quick growing strain of rice.
Spanish and Portuguese bring maize,
sweet potatoes, peanuts
2. Mining
–
–
Salt, tin, silver, iron
Provide work for 1000’s
3. Manufacturing
–
–
Silk, cotton, porcelain
Provides work for 1000’s
Trade was in favor of China
►Exports=
$$$
►British introduce opium from India (1835)
►Silver used to buy opium
►12 million people become addicted
External Forces: Objective 2
► 1839
Opium War
 Euro. Tech Wins
(Steam-powered gunboats –vs- outdated
ships)
►Chinese
Lose:
►Treaty of Nanjing
► British gain: Hong Kong
:
 1844
►Extraterritorial Rights:
 Foreigners not subject to
Chinese laws
►Leads to resentment
Opium War
External Forces Cont.: Objective 3
► 1899
Open Door Policy
 Open Trade?
 China’s doors open to
trade with merchants of
all nations
 Created by US, agreed to
by Europeans
►**US
wanted to insure
American traders would not be
shut out.**
Chinese Hardship
► 430
million people
► Not enough rice
► Foreigners dominate
China
► Chinese unhappy and
w/ change
► Uprisings: Taiping &
Boxer
Growing Internal Problems
► 1850-1864
Taiping
Rebellion:
 Leader Hong Xiuquan
 Militaristic Cult:
“Heavenly Kingdom of
Great Peace”
►Share the wealth, no
poor What does this
sound like?
►1850 Taiping army
over 1 million.
Taiping Rebellion
Growing Internal Problems Cont.
 Taiping Goals:
 Rid Foreign
Domination (Demons)
 Destroy the Chinese
Government
 Take power of China
 Outcome:
 British, French, Qing
attack Taiping army
► Movement
collapses
► Largest rebellion in history
 **20 Million Chinese
die**
Chinese Nationalism: Objective 4
► Chinese
humiliated by the
loss of power
 1900 The Boxer Rebellion
► Boxer:
poor peasants and
farmers
 Resented privileges of foreigners
► March
into Beijing surround
European sections of city
 Rid Foreign Domination
 Slaughter Europeans
 Christian Chinese
► European
Boxers
forces defeat
 **Chinese nationalism
emerges**
Boxer Rebellion
► Beginning
of Reform
 Chinese send officials on
world tour to study:
 US, France, England,
Germany, Japan
 (1906) China adopts
constitutional monarchy.
 Want “full” constitutional
govt. by 1917.
►
Unrest for the next four decades
slows this process
►
Another Asia Country will suffer
from Imperialism…
Sun Yat-sen
Mao Zedong
Which Asian Country will be Next?
Summary
► Chinese
Resist Outside Influence
► Opium War
► Open Door Policy
► Taiping Rebellion
► Boxer Rebellion
Objectives
1.
Why did China fall behind the West
during the 1800s?
2.
What are Extraterritorial Rights?
3.
What is an Open Door Policy?
4.
Who were the Boxers and what
was their objective?
Classwork/Homework
Workbook Pages: 49 & 50