Download China = Prosperous Country

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Protectorate General to Pacify the West wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Ohio Learning Standard #13
• Advances in Technology,
Communication & Transportation
improved lives, but also had
negative consequences
Like India, China was Prosperous
• Highly develop agriculture
- irrigation & canal system
- Sui Dynasty (581-618 AD)
• Small workshops produce
goods that China needed
= Self-sufficient economy
Little Interest in Foreign Trade
*Chinese regarded European goods as inferior
– bought few goods from Europe merchants
Port of Canton
• Despite pleas from other nations, China refused to
open other ports to foreigners – other than Canton
• Any trade with Chinese leaders had to include
trade of Gold & Silver … NOT currency!
Influence of Foreign Trade
• European merchants desire
to find a product Chinese
would buy in large quantities
• East India Co. discovered
product = Opium
Opium War
• Chinese Gov tried to stop the opium trade by
appealing to British - but pleas went unanswered,
and the quarrel over opium grew into a war
Treaty of Nanjing
• Trade treaty between United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Ireland and the Qing Dynasty of China
• First of unequal treaties against the Chinese
because Britain had no obligations in return
• Five ports were opened for trade
• Britons allowed trade with anyone
• Communicate directly with local officials
• Qing government obligated to pay British
Gov 6 million silver dollars = Opium Trade
• Another $12 million in war reparations
Further Subjugation
• Treaty of Tientsin – ceded additional ports to
British control (Hong Kong) + allowed foreigners
freedom to travel in interior & spread religion
• Treaty of Wanghia – allowing Russia to have
access to northern ports & contol of Manchuria
• Sino-Japanese War – claiming control of Korea resulting in humiliating defeat for the Chinese
• Jiaozhou Bay – Germany gained control & given
exclusive mining & railroad rights
Conflicting Spheres of Influence
USA wants its slice of the pie
United States proposes a deal (Open Door Policy) allowing equal access for all foreign merchants
• On heels of getting Philippines from Spain
• Fearing further Japanese expansion/retribution
• Britain/France fearing further German/Russian
expansion going unchecked
Boxer Rebellion
• Groups of Chinese Buddhist Monks and other
traditionalists take to the streets (protest) pledging
to rid the country of "foreign devils"