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Transcript
Lesson 2:Energy in Cells,
Comparing Organisms,
Prokaryotes, Eukaryotes &
Viruses and Living Things
Biology EOCT Review
Created Spring 2012
Energy in Cells
Energy in Cells
1. What are the reactants of photosynthesis?
a. Water and glucose
b. Glucose and carbon dioxide
c. Carbon dioxide and water
d. Oxygen and water
Energy in Cells
2. What is the source of energy for
photosynthesis?
a. Sunlight
b. Glucose
c. Carbon dioxide
d. Water
Energy in Cells
3. ADP must combine with which of the
following in order to regenerate ATP?
a. A free phosphate
b. A positive ion
c. An adenine base
d. A molecule of glucose
Energy in Cells
4. Glycolysis occurs in which part of the
cell?
a. The thylakoid
b. The cytoplasm
c. The mitochondria
d. The cell membrane
Energy in Cells
5. Which of the following traps light energy
during the light reaction of
photosynthesis?
a. Carbon dioxide
b. RNA
c. Chlorophyll
d. Water
Comparing
Organisms
Comparing Organisms
1. A cladogram shows
a.
b.
c.
d.
Which kingdom is the most diverse.
How to name species.
Change over time.
Evolutionary relationships.
Comparing Organisms
2. From earliest to most recent. Which is the
correct order of subdivision?
a. protista, animalia, achaebacteria
b. Animalia, achaebacteria, protista
c. Achaebacteria, protista, animalia
d. Animalia, protista, achaebacteria
Comparing Organisms
3. Eubacteria can be distinguished from
archaebacteria by
a. The presence of a true nucleus
b. Being multicellular
c. Differences in RNA and makeup of the
cell wall
d. The presence of membrane-bound
organelles.
4. What do the similarities in the bones of a
human arm and a whale’s flipper
suggest?
a. Humans and whales share a common
ancestor.
b. Humans evolved before whales.
c. Humans and whales can swim.
d. Arms are stronger than flippers.
5. Which organisms would be most closely
related?
a. Organisms in the same kingdom.
b. Organisms in the same phylum.
c. Organisms in the same class.
d. Organisms in the same genus.
Eukaryotes
Eukaryotes
1. Which of the following shows the correct
sequence in the anatomical levels of
organization in humans?
a. organism, organ system, cell, organ, tissue
b. Cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organisms
c. Cell, organ, organ system, tissue, organism
d. Organisms, cell, organ, tissue, organ system
Eukaryotes
2. An organism is multicellular and made up of
eukaryotic cells. The organism can move from
one place to another. Its cells do not have cell
walls or chloroplasts. Where should the
organism be classified?
a. Protista
b. Fungi
c. Plantae
d. Animalia
Eukaryotes
3. Scientists once classified fungi as plants. Which
of the following best explains why fungi are
now classified in their own kingdom?
a. Fungus cells have cell walls, but plants cells
do not.
b. The cells of fungi and plants both have nuclei
and cell membranes.
c. Fungi are capable of independent movement,
but plants are not.
d. Fungi do not have chloroplasts and cannot
carry out photosynthesis like plants.
Prokaryotes
Prokaryotes
1. Which characteristic is most important in
identifying a cell as prokaryotes?
a. The presence of a cell wall
b. The small size of the cell
c. The absence of a nucleus
d. Its existence as a unicellular organism
Prokaryotes
2. What is one important way that
archaebacteria are different from true
bacteria?
a. Archaebacteria lack cell walls.
b. Archaebacteria are multicellular.
c. Archaebacteria lack cells with a nucleus.
d. Archaebacteria have different genetic
material.
Prokaryotes
3. Which of the following are not found in
prokaryotic organisms?
a. Cell membrane
b. Cytoplasm
c. Nucleus
d. Membrane-bound organelles
Viruses and
Living Things
Viruses and Living Things
1. Why are viruses not considered living
things?
a. Viruses are not made of cells.
b. Viruses do not contain hereditary
material.
c. Viruses cannot make their own nutrients.
d. Viruses can only be seen with an
electron microscope.
Viruses and Living Things
2. What determines the shape of a virus?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Its DNA
Its RNA
The presence of an envelope
The proteins in its capsid
Viruses and Living Things
3. Which of these characteristics of both
viruses and living organisms?
a. They get energy from their environment.
b. They contain proteins and nucleic acids.
c. They can reproduce on their own.
d. They can form crystals and remain
dormant for long periods.