yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Magnesium in biology wikipedia, lookup

Metalloprotein wikipedia, lookup

Thylakoid wikipedia, lookup

Cyanobacteria wikipedia, lookup

Plant breeding wikipedia, lookup

Adenosine triphosphate wikipedia, lookup

Citric acid cycle wikipedia, lookup

Oxidative phosphorylation wikipedia, lookup

Biochemistry wikipedia, lookup

Photosynthetic reaction centre wikipedia, lookup

Metabolism wikipedia, lookup

Glycolysis wikipedia, lookup

Light-dependent reactions wikipedia, lookup

Microbial metabolism wikipedia, lookup

Plant nutrition wikipedia, lookup

Evolution of metal ions in biological systems wikipedia, lookup

Photosynthesis wikipedia, lookup

• Know how to calculate the following:
– Standard deviation and standard error
– Using error bars in bar graphs
– Reaction rate (slope) calculation
– Water potential calculations
• What is the main purpose and equation of
cellular respiration?
• What type of organisms perform cellular
• Where does CR take place in prokaryotes
and in eukaryotes?
• Explain the role of an electrochemical
gradient in forming ATP molecules.
• What would happen with the process of
cellular respiration if mitochondria would
be punctured?
• What is the main purpose of fermentation?
• How does the efficiency of fermentation
compare to the efficiency of cellular
• What is the purpose of glycolysis? Where
does it take place?
• What is the purpose of the intermediate
process? Where does it take place?
• What is the purpose of the citric acid cycle?
Where does it take place? Under what
• Where are the following substances
produced? Where are they used after
– Pyruvate
– CO2
– O2
– NAD+
• Where exactly does oxygen come from
during photosynthesis?
• Where exactly does ATP come from
during photosynthesis?
• Where exactly is water used during
• Where exactly is CO2 used in
• What is the free energy source of cellular
respiration? Photosynthesis?
• Where exactly is glucose produced in
• Where exactly are ATP and NADPH used
in photosynthesis?
• How exactly is the energy of sunlight used
as a source of energy during
• Where exactly is NADPH produced during
• Explain the process of the light reaction.
• Explain how various animals resolve transport of
materials. Point out an advantage and
disadvantage of each.
• Explain how oxygen is transported in the blood.
Point out two different changes that can help the
easy release of oxygen in the right places.
• Describe three evolutionary trends of vertebrate
• Explain how the heart provides a one-way
• Explain how oxygen and carbon dioxide rich
blood separated in the heart.
• Explain how minerals can be transported
into plant roots.
• Give two examples of surface increasing
methods in plant roots.
• Explain what forces move water into plant
roots than up into the leaves.
• Explain the role of Casparian strips in
plant transport.
• Explain how the stomata of plants open
and close.
• Explain how organic matter is transported
in plants.
• List three examples of using H ion pump in
plant transport.
• List and explain 4 adaptations of plants to
dry land
• List and explain 4 adaptations of plants to