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Download The Roman Empire?
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1 What were the achievements & legacy of the Roman Empire? Achievements: Romulus & Remus Currency system (money) Built coliseum Augustus was the 1st emperor 12 tables law system Long era of peace called Pax Romana July was named after Julius Caesar Julius Caesar created the calendar Borrowed the Greek Gods and renamed them Extensive trade system & many trade goods. Extensive road system throughout the empire Built aqueducts to move H2O Legacy: Legacy= something left behind…an idea, an action, $, way of life, etc. Ideas about laws…all people are equal under the law and innocent until proven guilty Ideas about government…citizens participate in decisions by voting & doing 2 Christianity spread b/c of the Romans English words come from Latin roots & several other languages are Latin based Roman architecture-use domes & columns & concrete which they invented & arches Alphabet Many ancient stories are still studied-literature 3 What caused the fall of The Roman Empire? (graphic organizer-boxes & arrows- taped in) Pg145-146 BOX#1-gov’t issues: Corrupt officials took bribes ++time fighting revolts/uprising rather than solving Poor leadership for 100’s of yrs (22+emperors!) & they fought e@ other constantly BOX#2-social issues: Inflation=costs rise ++++ Law & order broke down Roads left unrepaired slowed down trade, communication & protection Stopped paying taxes Wide-spread famine/starvation BOX#3-invasions: Soldiers unable to keep out invaders Bad roads=more invasions Soldiers not loyal to Roman Empire Barbarian tribes wanted Rome’s land 4 BOX#4-capital change Constantine changed the capital city Capital moved from city of Rome to city of Byzantium which was renamed Constantinople, known as Istanbul today Moved the center of power from the W (Latin) to the E (Greek)…weakened the W 1/2 BOX#5-split Theodosius split the empire in two b/c it was too big to rule by himself Split into E & W W capital city=ROME; E capital city =CONSTANTINOPLE BOX#6-the END CE 470’s Ostrogoths sacked Rome for the last time Never again another Roman emperor BOX#7-results in the W Latin, Roman laws & Christianity were adopted by barbarians in Europe Split into +++ different Germanic kingdoms who fought e@ other 5 DARK AGES begin= 100’s of yrs of war & civilization sort of stopped for a while BOX#8-results in the E Became the Byzantine Empire which lasted 1000 yrs Strong central gov’t ruled by one leader 6 What did I learn from the video, “The Roman Empire?” At one point in its time, the Roman Empire lost all importance and became Hx Wealth is Rome’s undoing b/c it made the empire tempting to invaders Some of Rome’s permanent check points became cities we know today…Paris, France! Nero burned the city of Rome so he could blame the Christians Rome ended Egyptian Empire Hx when it conquered it Barbarians wanted trade w/the Romans Romans took Egyptian art to Rome to show their power over Egypt All roads are straight lines! 7 Who was Constantine the Great? First Christian Roman Emperor Christianity spread under his reign b/c passed laws that gave more power to Bishops in the gov’t Stopped the persecution of Christians Became a Christian b/c saw a flaming cross in the sky before a battle that said, “By this sign thou shall conquer”…he had soldiers put the sign on their shields…he won! Which convinced him to believe in the Christian God.