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1 World History Name__________________________ Pd___ Ch. 6: Ancient Rome (p. 126-151) SECTION ONE: THE ROMAN WORLD TAKES SHAPE 1. Why was Italy easier to unite than Greece? 2. Why is 509 B.C. a critical date in Rome’s history? 3. Define: a. patricians: b. consuls: c. plebeians: d. tribunes: 4. Why were the 12 Tables important for the plebeians? 5. How has the Roman government affected the US system of law? 6. How were women viewed in Roman society? 7. How many men made up a Roman legion? 8. How did Romans help integrate conquered peoples into their kingdom? SECTION TWO: FROM REPUBLIC TO EMPIRE 9. What were the Punic Wars? Who won? 10. What was the result of the increase of the slaves under the latifundia? 2 11. Why did Rome engage in civil war? 12. Why did Caesar say, “alea iacta est” (the die is cast) after crossing the Rubicon River? 13. Does our textbook paint Julius Caesar as a man of many accomplishments or a vicious dictator? Explain! 14. Was Caesar Augustus considered a good emperor? Explain! 15. What was the Pax Romana? How do you think it helped the spread of Christianity? SECTION THREE: THE ROMAN ACHIEVEMENT 16. What is Greco-Roman civilization? 17. Virgil’s Aeneid was an epic poem. How did he link his work to Homer’s? 18. What is the Pantheon? 19. What were Ptolemy, Galen, and Pliny the Elder’s contributions to Roman society? SECTION FOUR: THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY 20. What does “diaspora” mean and why is it important for Jews? 21. Who does your textbook place more blame for killing Jesus – the Jews or Romans? Explain! 22. Why did the Romans eventually persecute Christians? 3 23. In 313 A.D., Constantine passed the Edict of Milan. What did it say? 24. What did Augustine’s City of God argue? 25. Overall, do you think your textbook gives a fair representation of Christianity, or is it quite biased (either PRO-Christianity or AGAINST-Christianity)? Explain! SECTION FIVE: THE LONG DECLINE 26. Which person divided the Roman empire into 2 parts? 27. Name 3 Germanic peoples that invaded Rome during its decline, 28. Christians called Attila the Hun the “scourge of God?” Do you agree? Explain! 29. What are mercenaries? 30. What reasons does your textbook give for the fall of Rome? 4 WHAT IF? Answer three of the following questions below. 31. What if Caesar had been killed in the battle at Gaul? 32. What if Caesar had never been assassinated? 33. What if Augustus had never lived? 34. What if Constantine had not moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Byzantium? 35. What if the Roman Empire had conquered Africa, China, or India?