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Comparing the
Infrastructures of Ancient
Rome and Present-Day
By Sofia Diaco, Ryan Jamison, and Jurien Garrison
An infrastructure
is the basic setup
of a city.
What Is an
Roman Republic:
 Included 2 consuls, a Senate, and a
tribal assembly.
 Consuls elected by the Senate, and
they serve as a check to power.
– Serve 1 term, command army,
supervise government.
 The Senate represents the wealthy
upper class.
– Senate included 300 members,
and they serve for life.
 The Tribal Assembly represents the
poor lower class.
United States:
 Includes 1 president, a Senate, and a
House of Representatives.
 President elected by the people.
– Serves 1 four-year term, and can
choose to serve another term if they
get re-elected.
 Includes 3 branches.
– Executive, Judicial, Legislative.
– Serve as a check to power.
 Members of the Senate serve 6-year terms.
 Members of the House of Representatives
serve 2-year terms.
As you can see, both Senate houses have similar setups.
 Romans built roads to enable
transportation around the
 "The Greeks are famous for
their cities and in this they
aimed at beauty. The Romans
excelled in those things which
the Greeks took little interest
in such as the building of
roads, aqueducts and
sewers." -Strabo, a Greek
United States:
 The US has roads going pretty
much everywhere, enabling
transportation all around the
The United States, as you can clearly see,
has many more roads than Ancient Rome.
Maintaining the Roads
The problem with building roads is the cost
to upkeep them. In Ancient Rome, the
initial cost of the road was paid for by the
government, and then the cost to
maintain them was paid for by the local
government. In the US, the government
pays for the roads with money from taxes.
 The Romans built
aqueducts, usually
underground, so they
could channel water
into their city.
United States:
 The US has aqueducts
as well, and they are
used for the same
On the left is
a picture of an
aqueduct in
Rome, and on
the right is a
picture of an
aqueduct in
the United
Sanitation Systems
Ancient Rome
 Pipes made on a potter’s
wheel were used to bring
fresh water into the city,
and waste out of it.
United States
 Groundwater or surface
water is used for
drinking, and sewers and
septic tanks are used for
storing waste.
Sewers back in Ancient
Rome were similar to
those of the United States.
Now, they are just more
Ancient Rome
Used bricks that were
fired in a kiln.
Marvelous buildings that
still stand today were
Example: Coliseum
United States
Uses bricks and various
other types of materials.
Example: The Gateway
Arch in St. Louis.
Arches are a construction
design that are useful. The
weight of the structure can
be held without creating a
giant wall, and less
materials are needed to
build it.
Without Ancient Roman advances, the
United States would not be where it is
today. We would have no way to get
around the country, no way to get water,
no way to remove waste, and our
architecture would not be as beautiful as it
is today. The United States is following
Rome’s footsteps, and we need to make
sure it does not lead to the fall of our
Works Cited
Images Cited