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Transcript
Fall of the Roman Republic
Military leaders showed a greater
willingness to coerce the Senate to
give them commands, even to the
point of marching on Rome with
their troops (which Sulla and
Caesar both did). The Social War, a
civil war between Rome and its
allies (non-citizen Italian cities), got
many used to fighting traditional
Roman legions.
After the Second Punic War (218202 BC), more and more land in
Italy was assimilated into large
farms that employed slaves. This
left a large number of citizens
without land.
The Senate lost the leadership of
the military. The generals tended
to be not from old senatorial
families. The Senate was jealous
of the power of these generals,
and didn’t want to share land
Soldiers who didn’t own any land
with their landless soldiers. It
were taken into the army, and after
refused to give Pompey’s
fighting for several years, they came veterans any land, and continued
back to Rome expecting land
to fight Caesar’s attempt to get
allotments as a reward for their
them land when he was consul.
service.