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Transcript
Chapter 5- Learning
Classical Conditioning
Pavlov’s Experiment
Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS)
Unconditioned Response (UCR)
Conditioned Stimulus (CS)
Conditioned Response (CR)
“Little Albert”
UCS
UCR
CS
CR
It’s all in the timing…
Forward Conditioning

Delay or Trace
Simultaneous Conditioning
Backward Conditioning
p. 172
Exceptions to the Rule…
No new information
Taste Aversion Learning


Garcia Effect
Chemical Therapy
Operant Conditioning
+
-
Reinforcement
Punishment
Add something pleasurable
to the environment,
increase the probability
that the behavior will occur
Add something aversive to
the environment,
decrease the probability
that the behavior will
again.
occur again.
Remove something
aversive from the
environment, increase the
probability that the
Remove something
pleasurable from the
environment, decrease
the probability that the
behavior will occur again.
behavior will occur again.
Examples
Positive
Reinforcement
Positive Punishment
Negative
Reinforcement
Negative
Punishment
Applications
Stimulus Control
Shaping
Learned
Helplessness
“Know” - “Go”
Schedules of Reinforcement
Variable
Interval
Ratio
Varying amount of
time must pass
before response will
be reinforced.
Fixed
Constant amount of
time must pass
before response will
be reinforced.
Varying number of
Constant number of
responses required responses required
to earn reinforcement. to earn
reinforcement.
p. 192
Observational Learning
4 Key Factors
“Bobo Doll”
Cultural Training
Define & Identify the Behavior
(correlation research)