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Transcript
Ministry of Nature Protection of the
Republic of Armenia
Technology needs assessment in
Armenia: follow-up activities
Diana Harutyunyan
Workshop on sharing best practices with conducting
technology needs assessment
27-29 Bangkok, 2007
1
1
Technology needs assessment in First National
Communication

Phase I – FNC preparation 1996-1999
GHG inventory - baseline setting for mitigation potential
assessment
Formulation of country mitigation policy concept - Armenia
has stated its willingness to take voluntary GHG limitation
obligations in case the corresponding assistance for that
measures will be provided”
V&A – first attempt to develop in country capacity for
assessment of countries economy and natural systems
vulnerability
However the technology needs assessment in FNC was
addressed in very general terms
1 Centre, Ministry of Nature
Climate Change Information
2
Technology transfer needs assessment “top up” activities

Phase II 1999-2002
 The
assistance was crucial for maintaining
and further developing the national capacity
 It provides necessary framework for moving
from general formulations that were in FNC
to more practical and substantial approach to
the technology needs identification,
prioritization, partnership building and
planning the follow-up activities.
1 Centre, Ministry of Nature
Climate Change Information
3
Technology needs assessment: approaches
applied


Analyzing the national and sectorial policies from point of
correspondence to CC mitigation objectives
Assessment is accompanied with:


Capacity building
Identification of partners






Steering committee –interministerial coordination
International organizations
Technical institutions
Financial institutions
Private sector
Creation of framework for stakeholders dialogue




Seminars, round table discussions, conferences
Sharing of analytical reports
Web-site creation
Publications
1 Centre, Ministry of Nature
Climate Change Information
4
TNA and TT data base creation scheme
Sectorial
ministries,
agencies
Specilaised
scientific
institutions
Private
sector
Climate Change
Center
Expert team
International
experience
1 Centre, Ministry of Nature
Climate Change Information
Foreign
assistance,
Projects
5
Technology needs assessment: methodology
applied
Assessing the mitigation potential of sectors and updating
the information included in FNC:
Evaluation
of the GHG emissions for the period of 1990-
2000
Analyzing trends in different sectors:





Policy and regulatory base
Baseline situation
Projects planned and under implementation
International donor assistance frameworks (WB, USAID, TACIS)
Sector specific technology needs
Analyzing
the information on CC technologies, creation of
data base, evaluation of applicability to the local needs
1 Centre, Ministry of Nature
Climate Change Information
6
Cont.
Technology needs assessment: methodology
applied

Selection of prioritization criteria:





GHG reduction potential
Evaluation of investments
Specific cost of GHG reduction, $/t co2
Correspondence to the national and sectoral devlopment goals
Barrier analyze:





Legal
Organizational, institutional
Financial
Informational
Personal
1 Centre, Ministry of Nature
Climate Change Information
7
Mitigation technology needs assessment:
sectors, technologies
1. Energy generation
2. Renewable energy
3. Energy efficiency
•Housing sector
•Industry
•Agriculture
4. Industrial processes
•Cement production
•Chemical industry
5. Transport
6. Gas supply
•
•
Transportation
Storages
7. Waste
•
•
Municipal solid waste
Wastewater
8. Agriculture
•
•
•
Intestinal fermentation
Manure
Agricultural land
9. Forestry
1 Centre, Ministry of Nature
Climate Change Information
8
Follow-up activities:
1.
2.
Capacity development for implementation of CDM
projects under Kyoto Protocol
In-depth barrier analysis for district heating sector EE
implementation measures
3.
Implementation of project on establishment of
technology tranfer center in cooperation with UNDP,
UNIDO, Ministry of Nature Protection and private
sector
4.
GEF full size EE project under implementation starting
from 2005
Transport sector project proposal developed
5.
1 Centre, Ministry of Nature
Climate Change Information
9
Situation with implementation -2007





The Law on Energy Saving and Renewable
Energy - 2004
Promotional tariff and guarantee of purchase for
energy produced by small HPPs,wind mills and
biogas plants - 2002
Armenian renewable energy and energy
efficiency fund - 2005
National energy efficiency plan – 2007
Starting from 2003 each 2 years the RE and EE
conferences are held –the 3rd IREC 27-29, 2007
1 Centre, Ministry of Nature
Climate Change Information
10
CDM capacity building
1. Legal



Ratification of Kyoto Protocol -2002
Governmental Decree - Jul. 2006, N-974-N on implementation of
KP Article 12 -DNA legal status and functions
Identification of and ranging the SD criteria for CDM projects
2.Institutional



Appointment of DNA for CDM
Notification letter send to UNFCCC Secretariat - Sep.2003
Development of draft national procedures for CDM project
evaluation and approval
3.Technical

Development of CDM projects pipeline – 2 registered 4
validated, and 12 in pipeline
4.Personal


Awareness rising of decision makers
Building technical expertise in the country
1 Centre, Ministry of Nature
Climate Change Information
11
CDM Capacity Building
cont.
Within the framework of a specific project development – learning by
doing
Memorandum of Understandings:

Danish Government within the framework of Kyoto
implementation - ratified by the President of RA, March 2004
Protocol

MOU under negotiation with Federal Minister of Agriculture,
Forestry,Environment and Water Management of the Republic of
Austria
Technical Assistance

EU “Technical assistance to Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Moldova
with respect to their Global Climate Change commitments” Project,
2004 -2006

UNDP/GEF enabling activities for preparation of Second National
Communication
1 Centre, Ministry of Nature
Climate Change Information
12
District heating sector EE project: lessons
learned



Integration in existing development programs –
PRSP, Municipal master plan
Close cooperation with WB Urban heating program,
Securing resources:
 Seed money – GEF funds
 Public sector reforms for removing
the market
penetration barriers - Urban heating strategy
 Involving the private sector as main engine for TT –
introduction of corresponding changes in legislation


Ensuring professional high level of expertise
Creating trustful relations: transparency,
competence, partnership and on benfits of inclusion
of environmental concerns in sectoral policy
1 Centre, Ministry of Nature
Climate Change Information
13
Project midterm results
UNDP/GEF project role: providing TA, facilitating
negotiations and supporting the barrier elimination
Creation
of PPP framework
MOU is signed between private investors and public institutions
(Regulatory commission, Municipality)
Concession is given for use of municipal district heating assets
Promotional legislation is adopted for introduction of
cogeneration systems in district heating based on useful heat
demand
Methodology is developed for calculation of power and heat
tariff from CHPs
Why cogeneration:
 Reduced tariff for heat
 Attraction of investments under CDM
 Reduced risks for investors
1 Centre, Ministry of Nature
Climate Change Information
14
Project midterm results

cont.
Private sector has taken commitments to invest 40
mln USD investments in rehabilitation of the district
heating systems in 2 urban areas (70 thousand
population)

Reduction of GHG emissions will make - 59 000 t
CO2/annual
 New technology on generation site will be introduced
 Demand side energy efficiency will be implemented


Adoption of legislation promoting small scale
cogeneration
Perception of benefits from mitigation measures
implementation increased in Government and
technical community
1 Centre, Ministry of Nature
Climate Change Information
15
THANK YOU!
Contact information:
Yerevan, Republic Square, Government Building #3, 5 floor
Phone: (37410) 58-39-20,
Fax: (37410) 58-39-33
www.nature-ic.am
E-mail: [email protected]
1 Centre, Ministry of Nature
Climate Change Information
16