Review of regional high level statements on climate change for COP21 Pre-COP21 Training for the Government of Vanuatu 13-16 October, 2015, Port Vila Mr. Exsley Taloiburi Climate Change Finance Adviser (acting) Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat Email: [email protected] Background • Five declarations on climate change issued by the Pacific for COP21 i. ii. iii. iv. v. PIF Leaders Declaration on Climate Change Action, Port Moresby, Sept 2015 SIS Leaders Port Moresby Declaration on Climate Change, Sept 2015 PIDF Suva Declaration on Climate Change, Sept 2015 Polynesian Leaders Taputapuatea Declaration on Climate Change, July 2015 Oceania 21 Lifou Declaration on Climate Change, April 2015 • Other relevant Outcomes Nuku’alofa Ministerial Declaration for Sustainable Weather and Climate Services, July 2015 – importance of climate services and meteorological data for Science SAMOA Pathway, Sept 2014 – recognize specific vulnerabilities and special case of SIDS PIF Leaders Majuro Declaration on Climate Leadership, Sept 2013 (relevant to INDC commitments by PICs) • Vanuatu targets - 40% of power generation through renewables by 2015 & 65% of power generation through renewables by 2020. PIF Leaders Declaration on Climate Change Action • • • Issued at 46th PIF Leaders Summit in Port Moresby (Sept 2015) by 14 Pacific Leaders (including PM of Vanuatu) plus two senior Ministers (RMI & Fiji). Initial step by 14 FICs (developing country Parties) in getting Australia and New Zealand (developed country Parties) to understand and support PIC priorities for COP21. Declaration that an increase of 1.5 degrees Celsius would severely exacerbate the particular challenges facing the most vulnerable smaller island states of the Pacific and that all effort be made to stay within the global temperature goal (referenced against target noted by decision1/CP20 which is “below 2 or 1.5 degrees” above pre-industrial levels). Key asks for COP 21: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Call for an ambitious and legally binding international climate change agreement to be adopted in Paris; Loss and damage to be a critical and stand-alone element in the Paris Outcome and builds on the work of the WIM on Loss and Damage; Simplified and accelerated access to financial resources to support climate change action and resilience in vulnerable developing countries that accounts for the particular special circumstance of Small Island Developing States (SIDS), especially those in the Pacific, and Least Developed Countries (LDCs); Recognition of the special circumstances and vulnerability of SIDS, particularly those in the Pacific, and LDCs; and Recognition of the disproportionate impact of climate change on women, youth, the elderly, disabled, indigenous peoples and other vulnerable and marginalized groups, and acknowledgement of the contribution of these peoples to the effective implementation of the Paris outcome. • • SIS Leaders Port Moresby Declaration on Climate Change th Issued at 46 PIF Leaders Summit in Port Moresby (Sept 2015) by 5 SIS Leaders plus one senior Minister (RMI). Niue was absent. Declaration by like-minded developing countries. Key asks for COP 21: Urge that COP 21 must deliver a legally binding agreement, which will: a) Limit global average temperature increase to well below 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels; b) Ensure that human rights to exist as a people are protected; c) Include a mechanism to address loss and damage as a stand-alone element of the agreement and within that mechanism create a facility to effectively support people displaced by the impacts of climate change; d) Ensure ease of access to adequate and predictable finance, technology and capacity building to ensure that SIDS and LDCs can transition to fossil fuel free economies and to have the ability to adapt to the impacts of climate change; and, e) Recognise the special circumstances of SIDS and LDCs and direct additional efforts to assist them meet the challenge of climate change. Call for a global moratorium on all new coal mines. PIDF Leaders Suva Declaration on Climate Change • • Issued at 3rd PIDF Leaders Summit in Suva (Sept 2015) by 6 Pacific Leaders (Kiribati, Tuvalu, Solomon Islands, Nauru, Fiji & Tonga) plus a number of senior Ministers (e.g. RMI etc) and officials. Declaration by like-minded developing countries. Key asks for COP 21: • • • • • • • Call for the establishment of a PSIDS regional task force on climate financing to ensure adequate funding for adaptation and mitigation actions. Urge all parties to the Kyoto Protocol to ratify and implement the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol. Recognize the importance of engaging, as equal partners, civil society, women, youth and persons with disabilities, in all efforts towards building climate change resilience. Call for the 2015 Paris Climate Change Agreement to be legally binding and to limit global average temperature increase to below 1.5⁰C above pre-industrial levels in order to transition towards deep decarbonisation Call for loss and damage to be anchored as a standalone element that is separate and distinct from adaptation in the 2015 Paris Climate Change Agreement. Call for a new global dialogue on the implementation of an international moratorium on the development and expansion of fossil fuel extracting industries, particularly the construction of new coal mines, as an urgent step towards decarbonising the global economy Call for adaptation measures for PSIDS to be 100% grant financed. Polynesian Leaders Taputapuatea Declaration on Climate Change • • Issued in July 2015 in Pape’ete by 7 Polynesian Leaders. Declaration by like-minded developing countries. Key asks for COP 21: • • • • • • The objective to limit global warming to below l.5°C by 2100: reaffirm the call for urgency and the commitment of the international community to a legally binding framework reflecting this objective. Green Climate Fund: ask the international community to have the political courage and to provide the financial tools so that our ability to adapt may express itself. Consequently, welcome the efforts of France to make sure that priority be given to Oceania in regard to its funding dedicated to the Green Climate Fund as stated during the High-Level Dialogue on Climate Change in Noumea, on 17 November 2014. The PLG calls for Oceania to receive its fair share of climate resources from all available sources of funding to address capacity building and technology transfer relating to climate change and its adverse impacts. Recognise that loss and damage is a critical element for building resilience against climate change and that this is reflected in the legally binding agreement. Call on Parties to UNFCCC to accept that climate change and its adverse impacts are a threat to territorial integrity, security and sovereignty of SIDS. Consider the establishment of an international protection regime for populations displaced due to climate change. Establish an international support mechanism to compensate the impacts resulting from the deterioration or the loss of natural resources and ecosystems. Oceania 21 Lifou Declaration on Climate Change • • Issued in April 2015 in Lifou (New Caledonia) by a number of Pacific senior Ministers and Senior Officials (including Vanuatu Minister for Climate Change) plus Cook Islands Prime Minister. Declaration by like-minded developing countries in the presence of a number of developed country Parties (e.g. Australia, NZ, France, EU) Key asks for COP 21: • • • • • The largest greenhouse gas emitting countries on the Planet must be Parties to commitments reached in Paris. Urge UNFCCC Parties to sincerely commit to long-term, quantitative and ambitious legally binding greenhouse gas emission reduction targets. These targets must be clear and compatible with the objective of the Convention in limiting global warming to less than 2°C or even 1.5°C above preindustrial levels as per the AOSIS position. Recommend the Paris Agreement deals directly with reducing dependence on fossil fuels. Affirm it is essential that the Paris Agreement promotes improved access by Pacific Island Countries and territories to Climate Finance, and include additional, predictable, sustainable and transparent financial resources, to support climate change responses in our countries and territories. Commitment to implementing in the Pacific the Warsaw international mechanism for Loss and Damage to be defined in a concerted manner with all Parties. Summary • We have just over 47 days left before the Paris conference convenes. • The time for declarations is almost over and specific actions to inform and influence the Paris Outcome must now become our focus. • Identifying allies and partners that we may need to seek their support for coalition building to support Vanuatu’s position is crucial. • Vanuatu must play a key role in garnering support for its positions at COP 21 through bilateral and multilateral engagements leading up to Paris. • CROP is committed to support (where necessary) to put forward a strong and unified message for the region in Paris. Thank you very much. Any Questions???