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Transcript
1.1 B Sets and Real Numbers
February 07, 2011
MATH 1010 ~ Intermediate Algebra
Chapter 1 Fundamentals of Algebra
Section 1.1: Sets and Real Numbers
Objectives:
❖
❖
❖
❖
Understand the set of real numbers and the subsets of real numbers.
Order numbers on the real number line.
Determine the distance between two numbers on the real number line.
Determine the absolute value of a real number.
|
0
|
1
-2
3
5
∛8
√2
7
3
0
π
1.1 B Sets and Real Numbers
The Real Number System
Natural numbers
Whole numbers
Integers
Rational numbers
Irrational numbers
Real numbers
≈ means approximately equal to.
February 07, 2011
1.1 B Sets and Real Numbers
February 07, 2011
①Example:
To which set(s) do each of these numbers belong?
3
5
-2
∛8
π
√2
0
7
3
a. Natural
b. Whole
c. Integers
d. Rational
e. Irrational
② Example:
Put each of the numbers above on this number line.
|
0
a< b means:
a > b means:
|
1
1.1 B Sets and Real Numbers
February 07, 2011
The distance between two points:
-10
-9
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
1.1 B Sets and Real Numbers
February 07, 2011
The opposite of a number:
0
1.1 B Sets and Real Numbers
February 07, 2011
The absolute value of a number:
|a| = a if a≥0
|a| = -a if a<0
0
③ Example:
a)
b) c)
d)
|-5| =
|5| =
|5| =
- |5| =
④ Example: Find the opposite of each number and the absolute value of each number.
a) -32
b) 17