Download answers ap essays evolution

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Population genetics wikipedia, lookup

Introduction to evolution wikipedia, lookup

Theistic evolution wikipedia, lookup

Catholic Church and evolution wikipedia, lookup

Acceptance of evolution by religious groups wikipedia, lookup

Creation and evolution in public education wikipedia, lookup

Genetics and the Origin of Species wikipedia, lookup

Evolution wikipedia, lookup

Hologenome theory of evolution wikipedia, lookup

Unilineal evolution wikipedia, lookup

Natural selection wikipedia, lookup

Sociocultural evolution wikipedia, lookup

The Selfish Gene wikipedia, lookup

Microbial cooperation wikipedia, lookup

Inclusive fitness wikipedia, lookup

Evidence of common descent wikipedia, lookup

Punctuated equilibrium wikipedia, lookup

Sexual selection wikipedia, lookup

Sociobiology wikipedia, lookup

Ecology wikipedia, lookup

Adaptation wikipedia, lookup

Evolving digital ecological networks wikipedia, lookup

The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex wikipedia, lookup

Objections to evolution wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Two of the following will be on the test:
1. Evolution is one of the major unifying concepts of modern biology.
A) Explain the mechanisms that lead to evolutionary change.
B) Describe how scientists use each of the following as evidence for evolution.
1. Bacterial resistance to antibiotics
2. Comparative biochemistry
3. The fossil record
2. In a laboratory population of diploid, sexually reproducing organisms a certain trait is determined by a single
autosomal gene and is expressed as two phenotypes. A new population was created by crossing 51 purebreeding (homozygous) dominant individuals with 49 pure breeding (homozygous) recessive individuals. After
four generations, the following results were obtained.
Generation
1
2
3
4
5
Dominant
51
280
240
300
360
Recessive
49
0
80
100
120
Total
100
280
320
400
280
A) Identify an organism that might have been used to perform this experiment, and explain why this organism is
a good choice for conducting this experiment.
B) On the basis of the data, propose a hypothesis that explains the change in the phenotypic frequency between
generation 1 and generation 3.
C) Is there evidence indicating whether or not this population is in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium? Explain with
words and mathematics.
3. Charles Darwin proposed that evolution by natural selection was the basis for the differences that he saw in
similar organisms as he traveled and collected specimens in South America and on the Galapagos Islands.
A) Explain the theory of evolution by natural selection as presented by Darwin.
B) Each of the following relates to an aspect of evolution by natural selection
Explain THREE of the following.
1. Convergent evolution and the similarities among species (ecological equivalents) in a
particular biome (ex. tundra, taiga, desert, grassland, etc)
2. Natural selection and the formation of insecticide-resistant insects or antibiotic resistant
bacteria.
3. Speciation and isolation
4. Natural selection and behavior such as kinesis, fixed-action-pattern, dominance hierarchy, etc.
5. Natural selection and heterozygote advantage.