From the "Modern Synthesis" to cybernetics: Ivan Ivanovich
... (1842–1915). He missed the deadline, however,
because of illness. Around this time Schmalhausen
became acquainted with the founder of the
Russian school of evolutionary morphology, Alexej
N. Sewertzoff (1866–1936), who in the same year
(1902) took up a Chair in Zoology in Kiev. This
coincidence was ...
Veblen and Darwinism
... on the faith that nothing happens without a cause and that every cause has an
effect’. This applies to human intentionality as well as everything else. Contrary
to widespread belief, causal explanation does not mean that intentions are
ignored in Darwinism; it simply means that they are caused, and ...
The Evolution of Aging 3
... correct and that any valid deviation is “impossible.” This book presents the case that Darwin
was perhaps 99 percent correct. Digital genetics analysis and other evidence suggest that minor
adjustments to Darwin’s theory are necessary. Although these changes have little effect on our
general underst ...
Haeckel: legacy of fraud to popularise evolution
... this context. One year before von Baer died it seems that
works of any other scientist, including Darwin
Darwin still did not even own his works.10
and Huxley (by Huxley’s own frank admission),
The year 1859 saw the publication of Darwin’s The
in convincing people throughout the world about
Origin o ...
From Darwinian Metaphysics towards Understanding the Evolution
... Nonetheless, the overall argument of this book still applies. On the one hand,
since the time of my earlier work some of its claims – such as the advocacy of
multilevel selectionism and the role of evolutionary constraints – have become hotly
disputed topics in biology and the philosophy of biology. ...
convergence, recurrence and diversification of
... had taken on their mature head shape but had not yet individualized), providing a minimum length for the species. A species was
considered to be sperm heteromorphic when two distinct (i.e.,
nonoverlapping) sperm lengths or head shapes were produced by
a single male (see Fig. 1A, E, F). One to nine i ...
Peirce`s evolutionary pragmatic idealism - Deep Blue
... academic appointment. Intellectually, his writings were too technical and
presupposed far too much science and logic for philosophers and others
who might otherwise have been interested in them. Moreover, Peirce was a
difficult person. He was often irresponsible; moreover, his life-style clashed
theodosius dobzhansky - National Academy of Sciences
... mutation as the origin of hereditary variation, the role of
chromosomal rearrangements, variation in natural populations, natural selection, the origin of species by polyploidy,
the origin of species through gradual development of reproductive isolation, physiological and genetic differences between ...
The Peppered moth: decline of a Darwinian disciple
... speaking of it ‘quietly’. The Matthews article numerous scientific inaccuracies,
misquotations and misrepresentations, but then many press reports, particularly of
science, are. However, one would not expect misrepresentation in a book review in
Nature. I leave judgement of whether Coyne’s 1998 revi ...
Ernst Mayr (1904–2005) and the new philosophy of biology
... power of the Darwinian process” (Mayr 2001, p. 229).
But what do evolutionary biologists mean when they speak of ‘chance’? Since Darwin’s
time the precise meaning of this concept in evolution has been misunderstood and it is still frequently misrepresented by critics of modern Darwinism. In the evol ...
Mrs. Whitecar CMS 7 th grade Ch 12 TEST: Adaptations over time
... evolution as a result of acquired characteristics
a trait that makes an individual different from other members of its species
rapid evolution with few intermediate forms
body parts that are similar in origin and structure
a group of organisms that share similar characteristics and can reproduce amo ...
Richardson and Chipman 2003
... that they have evolved moveable abdominal lobes,
at least twice independently, in response to sexual
selection. Such lobes are rare or absent in other
dipterans. He concluded that the absence of such
lobes in most Diptera is due to lack of selection,
not constraint. However, Wagner and Müller
Chapter 15: Evolution
... 4. The evolution of an isolated population into a
new species may involve the following factors:
a) the gene frequency in the isolated population
may have been different than the gene frequency
in the main population to begin with
b) different mutations occur in the isolated
population and in the m ...
Bully for Brontosaurus - A Website About Stephen Jay Gould`s
... relationships among different peoples. Despite its greater age, scientists did not think
that linguistics could play a role in determining the relationships and migration paths of
human races, for two reasons. The first was that it was generally believed that Homo
sapiens evolved some 2 million year ...
Rapid evolution of adaptive niche construction
... in which case standard evolutionary theory is sufficient provided
we interpret the evolving phenotype more broadly (the “extended
phenotype”) (Dawkins 1999; Bailey 2012). At the other extreme,
mutants whose niche construction would collectively have an
adaptive effect may be unable to invade from in ...
Evolution of Ethics in the Island of Doctor Moreau and Heart of
... of divergent facets in Huxley’s work, and the necessity of a closer scholarly examination. Historians such as Peter Bowler argue for a re-classification of Huxley as “pseudo-Darwinian” on the
basis that “it now appears that Huxley was interested in selection only as a possible mechanism
of evolution ...
... Observations on Zanclus cornutus were performed
by LORENZ in his big reef tank in Altenberg (Northwest of Vienna) on 760 days, mainly in the afternoons, from April 1976 to September 1980.
LORENZ’s manuscript covers April 1976 to August
1977. The 1978 experimental introductions of new
fish were repor ...
Aula 2: O que é VIDA? - IAG-Usp
... its that enhance survival and successful
production will become progressively
ore common in succeeding generations.
Hen`s Teeth and Horse`s Toes
... One popular 19th century school of thought that attempted to make the case that morality could
be found in nature was natural theology [ELP 9, LMC 15]. Some of the ideas date back to
antiquity, but the seminal document is William Paley’s 1802 book of this title. Natural theology,
as opposed to reve ...
Evolutionism : present approaches
... expansion of a preformed organism (this being the primary meaning of ‘evolution’ in the
seventeenth and eighteenth centuries); the associated theory of the pre-existence of germs,
in connection with which the Swiss naturalist Charles Bonnet first applied ‘evolution’ not
only to individual generation ...
Cyclostome embryology and early evolutionary history of vertebrates
... generally observed in the early pharyngula stage in
the gnathostomes (Kuratani 1997; Kuratani et al.
2001). This conserved segmental organization of the
embryonic structures must be linked to some specific
patern of gene expression. As expected, the expression patterns of some Hox genes [paralogue g ...
TURING MACHINES AND EVOLUTION. A CRITIQUE OF GREGORY
... many places he writes about DNA as “natural software”, whereas in others
he refers to it as “natural programming language” and even a “universal programming language” (he writes about entities governed by software (cells)
and treats DNA as a language for this software). (Chaitin 2012, 17) He also
Evolution - Free
... populations, through fossil transitions in palaeontology,
and even complex cellular mechanisms in developmental
biology. The publication of the structure of DNA
by James Watson and Francis Crick in 1953 demonstrated a physical basis for inheritance. Molecular biology improved our underst ...
Evolutionary Dynamics of Nitrogen Fixation in the Legume–Rhizobia
... Editor: Vishal Shah, Dowling College, United States of America
Received September 19, 2013; Accepted March 9, 2014; Published April 1, 2014
Copyright: ß 2014 Fujita et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits
Acceptance of evolution by religious groups
Although biological evolution has been vocally opposed by some religious groups, above all in the United States, many other groups accept the scientific position, sometimes with additions to allow for theological considerations. The positions of such groups are described by terms including ""theistic evolution"", ""theistic evolutionism"" or ""evolutionary creation"". Theistic evolutionists believe that there is a God, that God is the creator of the material universe and (by consequence) all life within, and that biological evolution is a natural process within that creation. Evolution, according to this view, is simply a tool that God employed to develop human life. According to the American Scientific Affiliation, a Christian organization of scientists:According to Eugenie Scott, Director of the US National Center for Science Education, ""In one form or another, Theistic Evolutionism is the view of creation taught at the majority of mainline Protestant seminaries, and it is the official position of the Catholic church"".Theistic evolution is not a scientific theory, but a particular view about how the science of evolution relates to religious belief and interpretation. Theistic evolution supporters can be seen as one of the groups who reject the conflict thesis regarding the relationship between religion and science – that is, they hold that religious teachings about creation and scientific theories of evolution need not contradict. Proponents of this view are sometimes described as Christian Darwinists.