Download Old Norse I: Grammar - Viking Society Web Publications

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Transcript
Verb inflexions and their function
169
— supine eggjat, bƒlva ‘curse’ (weak type 2) — 3rd pl. past indic.
bƒlvu›u — supine bƒlvat. Note that strong verbs with v insertion and y
in the present tense root may alternatively have j insertion (e.g. syngja).
3.6.9.3 Idiosyncratic variation
A number of common verbs are irregular in varying degrees. While it
would be possible to offer historical explanations for their irregularity
and, where this has not already been done, assign them to one or other
of the weak and strong types, it is easier for the learner simply to list
their principal parts. For strong verbs inf., 3rd sg. and pl. past indic.
and supine are given, for weak verbs inf., 3rd sg. past indic. and supine.
Forms that cannot easily be deduced from these are described in the
notes that follow, as are other peculiarities.
Strong verbs
blóta —— blét —— blétu —— blótit
breg›a —— brá —— brug›u —— brug›it
búa —— bjó —— bjoggu —— búit
deyja —— dó —— dó —— dáit
draga —— dró —— drógu —— dregit
drekka —— drakk —— drukku —— drukkit
eta —— át —— átu —— etit
fá —— fekk —— fengu —— fengit
fela —— fal —— fálu —— folgit
finna —— fann —— fundu —— fundit
flá —— fló —— flógu —— flegit
fregna —— frá —— frágu —— fregit
frjósa —— frøri —— frøru —— frørit
ganga —— gekk —— gengu —— gengit
hanga —— hekk —— hengu —— hangit
heita —— hét —— hétu —— heitit
hlæja —— hló —— hlógu —— hlegit
hƒggva —— hjó —— hjoggu —— hƒggvit
kjósa —— køri —— køru —— kørit
koma —— kom —— kómu —— komit
‘sacrifice’
‘move’
‘prepare’, ‘dwell’
‘die’
‘drag’
‘drink’
‘eat’
‘get’
‘hide’
‘find’
‘flay’
‘ask’, ‘learn’
‘freeze’
‘walk’
‘hang’
‘be called’, ‘promise’
‘laugh’
‘strike’, ‘kill’
‘choose’
‘come’