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Verb inflexions and their function 151 Strong verb type 6: fara âgoâ fara ââ ferr ââ fÃ³r ââ fÃ³ru ââ fÅri ââ farinn Minor strong verb types: falla âfallâ, grÃ¡ta âcryâ, hlaupa âleapâ ârunâ, leika âplayâ falla ââ fellr ââ fell ââ fellu ââ felli ââ fallinn grÃ¡ta ââ grÃ¦tr ââ grÃ©t ââ grÃ©tu ââ grÃ©ti ââ grÃ¡tinn hlaupa ââ hleypr ââ hljÃ³p ââ hljÃ³pu ââ hlâ¡pi ââhlaupinn leika ââ leikr ââ lÃ©k ââ lÃ©ku ââ lÃ©ki ââ leikinn Weak verb type 1: krefja âdemandâ krefja ââ krefr ââ krafâºi ââ krÆfâºu ââ krefâºi ââ krafâºr Weak verb type 2: kalla âcallâ kalla ââ kallar ââ kallaâºi ââ kÆlluâºu ââ kallaâºi ââkallaâºr Weak verb type 3: heyra âhearâ heyra ââ heyrir ââ heyrâºi ââ heyrâºu ââ heyrâºi ââ heyrâºr The three types of weak verb differ in a number of ways. For the learner what will be most noticeable is: type 1 has root vowel change between the present and past indic. (krefja â krafâºi) and no vowel in the sg. present indic. endings (hann krefr); type 2 has a âconnecting vowelâ a in the past tense (kallaâºi) and a in the sg. present indic. endings (hann kallar); type 3 has the same root vowel throughout, no connecting vowel in the past tense and i in the sg. present indic. endings (hann heyrir). The three distinct past tense suffixes, -âº, -d and -t, are distributed not according to type of verb, but phonetic environment, so that âº occurs after vowels and most voiced consonants (kallaâºi, fÃ¡âºi âcolouredâ, krafâºi, heyrâºi), d chiefly after n (hefndi âavengedâ), and t after unvoiced consonants (vakti âwakenedâ, Åpti âshoutedâ). In the earliest texts ï¬ is found after unvoiced consonants, and from the late thirteenth century onwards d replaces âº after certain voiced consonants, particularly l and m (valâºi/valdi âchoseâ, dÅmâºi/dÅmdi âjudgedâ).