Download fermentations

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Thylakoid wikipedia, lookup

NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (H+-translocating) wikipedia, lookup

Photosynthesis wikipedia, lookup

Fatty acid synthesis wikipedia, lookup

Mitogen-activated protein kinase wikipedia, lookup

Metalloprotein wikipedia, lookup

Paracrine signalling wikipedia, lookup

Biochemistry wikipedia, lookup

Biosynthesis wikipedia, lookup

Adenosine triphosphate wikipedia, lookup

Evolution of metal ions in biological systems wikipedia, lookup

Photosynthetic reaction centre wikipedia, lookup

Hepoxilin wikipedia, lookup

Amino acid synthesis wikipedia, lookup

Citric acid cycle wikipedia, lookup

Metabolism wikipedia, lookup

Biochemical cascade wikipedia, lookup

Butyric acid wikipedia, lookup

Electron transport chain wikipedia, lookup

Light-dependent reactions wikipedia, lookup

Glycolysis wikipedia, lookup

Oxidative phosphorylation wikipedia, lookup

Microbial metabolism wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
FERMENTATIONS
Pasteur defined “FERMENTATION” as life in the absence of oxygen
Fermentations are nowadays defined as a processes that do not involve
electron transport chains that use oxygen, nitrate or other electron acceptors
The majority of fermentations generate ATP by substrate level phosphorylation
Microorganisms can be classified as
Facultative anaerobes
Strict anaerobes
Ethanol Fermentation
• Yeast
Bacteria
PULQUE
Zymomonas mobilis
LACTIC ACID FERMENTATION
Homofermentative pathway
HETEROFERMENTATIVE PATHWAY
BIFIDUM PATHWAY
BUTIRATE AND BUTANOL/CETONE FERMENTATIONS
Linear and branched fermentative pathways
MIXED ACID FERMENTATION
METHANE FERMENTATION
ATP synthesis only occurs due to protonmotive force