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Transcript
c
Cell Cycle
Cell theory
The Cell Cycle and Cancer
There are several factors that regulate the cell
cycle and assure a cell divides correctly.
Before a cell divides, the DNA is checked to make sure it
has replicated correctly.
If DNA does not copy itself correctly, a gene mutation
occurs.
Neighboring cells also communicate with dividing cells
to regulate their growth.
DNA replication animation:click on
DNA picture
Cancer is a disease of the cell cycle. Some of the
body’s cells divide uncontrollably and tumors form.
Tumor in Colon
Tumors in Liver
DNA mutations disrupt the cell cycle.
Mutations may be caused
by:
1. radiation
2. smoking
3. Pollutants
4. chemicals
5. viruses
While normal cells will stop dividing if there is a mutation in the
DNA, cancer cells will continue to divide with mutation.
SUMMARY
Normal Cell Division
1. DNA is replicated properly.
2. Chemical signals start and
stop the cell cycle.
3. Cells communicate with
each other so they don’t
become overcrowded.
Cancer Cells
1. Mutations occur in the
DNA when it is replicated.
2. Chemical signals that start
and stop the cell cycle are
ignored.
3. Cells do not communicate
with each other and
tumors form.