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Download Physical Development Use pp. 411-417, 445-448, and 455
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Physical Development Use pp. 411-417, 445-448, and 455-461 to fill in the blanks of the following notes. All responses are found in the order of the reading. Conception – Childhood The male _______________ and the female _______________ unite to make a _______________, a fertilized egg. This stage lasts from 0-2 _______________. From 2 _______________ to 2 _______________, the zygote has now become an _______________. This stage marks the zygote attaching to the uterine wall. Between 2 _______________ and 9 months, the embryo is now referred to as a _______________ and definitely begins to look more humanlike. Nurture affects the development of the unborn baby. Good food leads to a healthy baby. But _______________, harmful agents such as viruses and drugs all affect development and possible future dependency. Once born, babies prefer _______________ over bodies, the scent and voice of the _______________ over those of the father, and objects between 8-12 _______________ away (about the same distance as mom’s face when nursing). In terms of brain development between 3-6 months, there is a growth spurt of the _______________ lobe. Coordination follows this order: rolling over, _______________, _______________, walking (about age 1). Conscious memory does not begin until about _______________ years of age. Sexual Maturity _______________ is sexual maturation. For girls, this is marked by their _______________, the first menstrual period. For boys, this is marked by their _______________, the first time they ejaculate. Primary sexual characteristics include maturation of reproductive organs and external genitalia. Secondary sexual characteristics include enlargement of _______________ and _______________ for girls and facial hair and a _______________ voice for boys. We reach our physical peak when we are in our _______________. Women are about _______________ when _______________, the end to the menstrual cycle begins. Men _______________ experience a similar conclusion to their sexual reproductive abilities. Most people report little to no sex drive at around _______________ years of age. Aging _______________ outlive _______________ by about 5 years. Sensory abilities decline with age. _______________ pitches cannot be distinguished as clearly. The retina receives about _______________ as much light as it used to because the _______________ is now less transparent. In the elderly, the immune system _______________ against “big” illnesses, such as _______________ and _______________. A lifetime of antibodies, however, makes _______________ less common. By 80, we’ve lost _______________% of brain weight. _______________ lobes have atrophied, making us more blunt. In order to keep a healthy mind, we should _______________. Chances for Alzheimer’s increase after age _______________. Symptoms include: _______________ deterioration, a diminishing sense of _______________, _______________ flatness, disorientation, disinhibition, _______________, and mental vacancy. Autopsies illustrate loss of brain cells and deterioration of neurons that produce the neurotransmitter _______________. Prevention again can be achieved by exercising the mind and the _______________.