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Transcript
UNFCCC Workshop for the Asia-Pacific and Eastern European Regions on NAMAs
12-14 June 2015, Bonn, Germany
NAMAs Seeking International Support:
Selected Cases from Malaysia
Tan Ching Tiong
LECB Project Manager
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
NAMA Development in Malaysia
2013
2014
2015
National framework & arrangements
Prioritisation for
pilot cases
NAMAs for recognition (3 cases)
NAMAs seeking international support (4-5 cases)
Sectoral assessment on potential &
role of NAMAs
2
Mitigation, NAMAs & MRV
Interim Arrangement
TWG on Mitigation
Chair: NRE-BPASPI
[BUR/NC3]
NAMAs
1) Institutional arrangements &
procedures on mitigation
actions (incl. NAMAs & MRV)
2) MRV methodology
TWG on NAMA
Chair: NRE-BPASPI
[LECB]
Different TOR
Similar membership
TWG on MRV
Chair: NRE-BPASPI
[BUR/NC3]
2013
2014
2015
2016
National
arrangements
for climate
change
a)
b)
c)
d)
…
Mitigation WG
Verification WG
…
(in progress)
2017
Endorsement & Submission of NAMA Documents
Interim Arrangement
 NAMAs from Malaysia should have applied for and obtained
endorsement of the national government, including a letter
of support from the ministry that is the national focal point for
climate change as well as a letter of support from the
responsible sector ministry.
 NAMAs for recognition at UNFCCC-NAMA Registry are required
to undergo verification for acceptance for submission to the
UNFCCC NAMA Registry.
 NAMA documents for international funding and UNFCCC-NAMA
Registry will be submitted through national focal point for
climate change.
4
NAMAs Seeking International Support
1.
Avoided Emissions from Peat Swamp Forest
Management and Central Forest Spine Ecological
Connectivity in South East Pahang
2.
Support to Integrated E-Waste Management System
for State of Sabah, Malaysia
3.
NAMA in Support of Implementation of the Electric
Mobility Blueprint in Malaysia
4.
Reactivation of RE-based CDM Project Activities in
Malaysia
5.
Implementation of the Low Carbon Island Model for
Langkawi Island
6.
……
5
Avoided Emissions from Peat Swamp Forest
Management & Central Forest Spine Ecological
Connectivity in South East Pahang
RMKe10
GEF
NAMA and
REDD+ Funds
REDD+
Funds
Financing Mechanism
Domestic Resources
International
Financing
During Project
Implementation
NAMA
Funding
Pahang State
Natural Resources
Conservation
Trust Fund
State
Government
Contribution
Result-Based
Finance
Arrangement
National
Natural
Resources
Conservation
Trust Fund
Private
Sector
Engagement
NAMA Support
Activities
Post-Project
Stage
Result-Based Finance
System
National
Natural
Resources
Conservation
Trust Fund
Pahang State
Natural Resources
Conservation
Trust Fund
State
Government
Contribution
Private
Sector
Commitment
Mainstreaming into Pahang State green economy agenda
Integration into Pahang State sectoral and cross-sectoral plans & programmes
NAMA Support
Domestic Resources
Land acquisition
Infrastructure
development
RM 484 million
(USD 140 million)
• Establishment & initial operation of
state-level trust fund.
• Results-based financing instrument.
• Policy approaches for mainstreaming
long-term implementation.
• Enhanced fire management
programme.
• Enhanced ecological connectivity
through planning instruments.
• Capacity building for relevant
stakeholders.
RM 62 million
(USD 18 million)
2016-2020
Long-term Implementation
•
•
International NAMA Funding
Potential Contribution to Climate
Change Mitigation
The NAMA will contribute toward climate change mitigation in two ways:
• Short to medium term, avoided emissions at the targeted landscape.
• Long-term, carbon sequestration.
Short-term impacts – total avoided emissions 12 MT CO2:
• Avoided emissions from Peat Swamp conserved under CFS (total area =
5,657.79 ha.) and amounts to 4.24 MT CO2
• Avoided emissions from other Forested areas conserved under CFS (total
area = 23,411.03 ha) and amounts to 7.84 MT CO2.
The assumptions:
• The carbon stocks for Stateland forest is obtained from the 4th National
Forest Inventory for Inland and Peat swamp forest.
• The carbon conversion factor used is 0.47 as per 2006 IPCC Guidelines
• The other carbon pools; dead wood, soil and leaf litter were not
estimated.
9
Integrated E-Waste Management
System in Sabah
Sabah E-waste Strategy Action Plan
Study on E-Waste in Sabah
under the BIMP EAGA
Environmental Cluster & ICT
Cluster (2013-2014)
10
Financing Plan
Sources of
Financing
Estimated
Amount
Coverage
Domestic:
Co-Financing
of government,
private sectors &
NGOs
RM 112 million • In-kind contribution (salary,
(USD 30.2
work place, allowances etc.)
million)
• Facility investment
International:
NAMA funding
support
RM 25 million • Collection and transport cost
(USD 6.7
subsidy
million)
• Existing facility upgrade
• Collection points management
• Technical assistance
• Experience sharing (scale up)
• Awareness and training
• MRV system (web system etc.)
11
NAMA Support for Implementation
Stage 1 & Stage 2:
Local transportation costs (31%);
Shipping costs (32%); Infrastructure
upgrades (4%); Operating cost (3%);
Management & maintenance (5%);
Awareness, education & training
(10%); Good practice & experience
sharing with BIMP-EAGA members
(1%); Web system development/
maintenance (1%); Consultancy &
web application cost (9%); Project
management (4%); and
Contingencies (1%)
12
Estimated Emission Reduction
Total emission reduction from 2016-2030: 652,772 tCO2e.
• 2016-2020: 147,736 tCO2e
• 2021-2030: 505,036 tCO2e
Methodology:
• CDM methodology “AMS-III.BA Recovery and recycling of materials
from e-waste” version 01.0
• GHG Protocol HFC Tool (Version 1.0) - Calculating HFC and PFC
Emissions from the Manufacturing, Installation, Operation and
Disposal of Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Equipment.
MRV indicators:
• amount of e-waste collected, number of e-waste collection point
setup, number of e-waste collection drive, awareness activities and
campaign conducted.
13
Challenges in NAMA Uptake
 International negotiation on NAMA is still ongoing at the UNFCCC.
Its role in the new international agreement on climate change,
which is expected to be agreed by 2015, is uncertain.
 To domestic stakeholders, NAMA is still a rather new issue.
Without a prescriptive definition, scope and approach from the
UNFCCC discourse, domestic deliberation and decision on national
implementation framework and arrangement for NAMA was
undertaken prudently.
 Available financing opportunity on NAMA is limited and highly
uncertain. This situation increases the difficulty in convincing
agencies to commit efforts in pursuing NAMAs, especially those
requiring large investment or already having sufficient domestic
resources for ongoing initiatives.
14
Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Project
The LECB Project aims to assist Malaysia in enhancing national
greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory systems, promoting the uptake of
nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMA) as well as designing
measurement, reporting, and verification (MRV) framework that
ultimately serves national priorities for low emission development
strategy.
The UNDP LECB Programme is supported through contributions by the
European Commission, the German Federal Ministry for the
Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, and the
Government of Australia.
THANK YOU!
Tan Ching Tiong
LECB Project Manager
Tel: +(603) 8886 1669
Fax: +(603) 8888 4473
Email: [email protected]; [email protected]