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Bacteria, Lopez’s
All systems,
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A: The type of cell division in which the
daughter cells are genetically identical;
produces new body cells for growth and
Q: What is mitosis?
A: The type of cell division in which the
daughter cells are not genetically
identical; occurs in testes and ovaries to
produce gametes.
Q: What is meiosis?
A: The condition in which a cell has only
half the number of chromosomes; there
are no homologous pairs.
Q: What is haploid?
A: The number of chromosomes each of
the daughter cells will have if a cell with
10 chromosomes undergoes mitosis.
Q: What is 10 chromosomes?
A: The combination of meiosis and this
event maintains the diploid number of a
species and contributes to genetic
variation in a population.
Q: What is fertilization?
A: A naturalist that developed a theory of
evolution by natural selection.
Q: Who was Darwin?
A: The process in which individuals with
favorable variations reproduce more
successfully than those without such
variations. Over time, this causes a
population to adapt.
Q: What is natural selection?
A: The process by which a new species is
formed due to a physical barrier.
Q: What is speciation due to
geographic isolation?
A: The individuals who keep recessive
alleles in a gene pool, even if the
recessive alleles are fatal to
Q: Who are heterozygotes?
A: The size of a population most likely to
have reduced genetic diversity due to
random events.
Q: What is a small population?
A: The organisms in an ecosystem that
return nutrients to plants by breaking
down the complex molecules in dead
Q: What are decomposers?
A: This is the role an organism in an
ecosystem; includes what it eats,
where it lives, when it’s active, etc.
Q: What is an organism’s niche?
A: The trophic level which contains
Q: What is the second trophic level?
A: The level of organization which
includes all of the living organisms in
an area.
Q: What is a community?
A: The organisms in a food web that feed
on herbivores.
Q: What are secondary consumers?
(a.k.a. carnivores)
A: Bacteria are classified as this type of
Q: What are prokaryotes?
A: A molecule that inhibits the
reproduction of bacteria but not viruses.
Q: What is an antibiotic?
A: The type of memory cell that will
produce antibodies quickly in response
to a pathogen the body has “seen”
before; responsible for immunity.
Q: What are B cells?
A: A non-living infectious particles
composed of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA)
surrounded by a protein coat.
Q: What what is a virus?
A: A molecule produced by the immune
system that has Y-shaped receptors
specific to an antigen.
Q: What is an antibody?
A: The study of life.
Q: What is Biology?
A: Mrs. Lopez’s favorite organic
molecules; they can be denatured
(change shape) by high temperatures
and change in pH, which causes them
to no longer function.
A: What are enzymes?
A: If Mrs. Lopez’s husband were
colorblind he would have inherited one
recessive allele from this parent.
Q: What is his mother?
A: In one of Mrs. Lopez’s favorite labs,
you investigated whether this molecule
(shown below) would diffuse through a
semi-permeable membrane.
Holt, Modern
Q: What is glucose?
(a.k.a. a monosaccharide)
A: If Mrs. Lopez spends too much time in
the sun this summer, the UV rays could
damage her DNA causing this, which
would potentially lead to a change in a
protein’s structure and function.
Q: What is a mutation?
A: The organ that aids in digestion and
absorption of food molecules.
Q: What is the small intestine?
A: The body system that transports
nutrients and oxygen to cells and
carbon dioxide and other wastes from
Q: What is the circulatory system?
A: The organ that helps the excretory
system remove nitrogenous waste and
maintain water concentration in the
Q: What is the kidney?
A: The contestant on the right, who is currently
losing, will win $400 if she can name the
system that regulates cellular function by
producing hormones.
Q: What is the endocrine system?
A: The system responsible for helping
with homeostasis through
electrochemical signals.
Q: What is the nervous system?
Category: Macromolecules
A: The bond between amino acids in
a protein.
Q: What is a peptide bond?