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transportation infrastructure (externalities) implies spatial divergence. Empirical evidence on education and health facilities,
however, demonstrates that during the decentralized period, (1) accessibility to school has improved and school investments were
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper
Palavras-chave: Public goods; Education; Health; Spatial coordination; Poverty dynamics; Indonesia; Resource /Energy
Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007
Do Static Externalities Offset Dynamic Externalities? An Experimental Study of the Exploitation of
Substitutable Common-Pool Resources
Provedor de dados: 31
Autores: Giordana,
Gaston A.; Montginoul,
Marielle; Willinger,
Overexploitation of coastal aquifers may lead to seawater intrusion, which irreversibly degrades groundwater. The seawater
intrusion process may imply that its consequences would not be perceptible until after decades of accumulated overexploitation. In
such a dynamic setting, static externalities may enhance the users’ awareness about the resource’s common nature, inducing more
conservative individual behaviors. Aiming to evaluate this hypothesis, we experimentally test predictions from a dynamic game of
substitutable common-pool resource (CPR) exploitation. The players have to decide whether to use a free private good or to
extract from one of two costly CPRs. Our findings do not give substantial support to the initial conjecture. Nevertheless, the...
Tipo: Journal Article
Palavras-chave: Common-pool resources; Substitutable goods; Dynamic externalities; Survival data; Proportional hazard;
Experiment; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010
Using Cellulosic Ethanol to ‘Go Green’: What Price for Carbon?
Provedor de dados: 31
Autores: Miranowski,
John A.; Rosburg,
The revised Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS2) mandates that cellulosic biofuels be part of the liquid transportation fuel mix and
contribute to reducing our carbon footprint. Unfortunately, since no commercial cellulosic biorefinery exists and cellulosic
biomass production is typically smaller scale than conventional crop production, limited knowledge exists of the actual costs of
producing cellulosic biomass and converting it to cellulosic ethanol. Understanding of the implications of RFS2 requires a better
understanding of the economics of producing cellulosic ethanol. We use the Biofuel Breakeven model (BIOBREAK), a simple
long run breakeven model that represents the feedstock supply system and biofuel refining process, along with estimates of the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation
Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Biofuels; Biomass; Cellulosic
Ethanol; RFS2; Carbon.
Ano: 2010
Does Targeting a Designated Area Crowd out the other Preservation Programs’ Efforts?
Provedor de dados: 31
Autores: Liu,
Xiangping; Lynch,
Maryland has introduced a number of land preservation programs over the past 40 years to permanently preserve resource lands.
Although new programs can increase the number of acres being preserved, they might have unintended impact on land