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Ano: 2009
Income Distributional Effects of Using Market-Based Instruments for Managing Common Property
Provedor de dados: 31
Autores: Msangi,
Siwa; Howitt,
Richard E.
In the face of growing management problems and conflicts over increasing demands and dwindling or increasingly variable
supplies of surface and groundwater, the need for revising the conventional water resource allocation methods has been
increasingly felt among natural resource managers and policy makers. For the past 30 years economists have advocated for the
application of various types of market-based instruments (MBIs) as an efficient means of effecting the re-allocation water
resources among competing uses. While MBIs have been implemented in several countries, they have continued to encounter
strong socio-political opposition, due to the impacts imposed on third-parties during transfers and re-allocations, as well as the
distributional effects...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation
Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006
Provedor de dados: 31
Autores: Garcia,
Marissa C.; Lee,
Donna J.
A dynamic model of deforestation and agricultural expansion in the Philippines is developed to elucidate the economic factors
driving current land use trends and determine the efficacy of prevailing public forest management regulations. Optimization
results are interpreted to show potential gains and intervention areas to improved national forest resource management.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation
Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1998
Bringing pumps to people: giving the poor better access to groundwater irrigation: sustainable
approaches and options for eastern India
Provedor de dados: 31
Autores: International Water Management Institute,
IWMI-TATA Water Policy Program.
The State government has a vital role to play in developing groundwater resources to help improve the lot of the poorest people in
eastern India's rural communities. Many States have tried to achieve this over the past 50 years through centrally planned public
tube-well programs. Recently published research says that most of these efforts have failed to bring irrigation or improved
livelihoods to the poor. This research shows how policy makers can have a significant positive impact on poverty reduction by
removing pump subsidies and opening pump markets to international competition. Subsidies and import restrictions have kept
pump prices in India artificially inflated, by more than 35-45%, over those of neighbouring Pakistan and Bangladesh. If a 'shock...
Tipo: Report
Palavras-chave: Groundwater irrigation; Pumps; Tube wells; Energy; Electricity supplies; Poverty; Food Security and Poverty;
Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002