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Ano: 2000
The Relationship between Oil, Exchange Rates, and Commodity Prices
Provedor de dados: 31
Autores: Harri,
Ardian; Nalley,
Lawton Lanier; Hudson,
Exchange rates have long been thought to have an important impact on the export and import of goods and services, and, thus,
exchange rates are expected to influence the price of those products that are traded. At the same time, energy impacts commodity
production in some very important ways. The use of chemical and petroleum derived inputs has increased in agriculture over time;
the prices of these critical inputs, then, would be expected to alter supply, and, therefore, the prices of commodities using these
inputs. Also, agricultural commodities have been increasingly used to produce energy, thereby leading to an expectation of a
linkage between energy and commodity markets. In this paper, we examine the price relationship through time of the primary...
Tipo: Journal Article
Palavras-chave: Cointegration; Commodity prices; Crude oil; Exchange rates; Agribusiness; Consumer/Household Economics;
International Relations/Trade; Marketing; Production Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; C32; L71; Q11; Q40.
Ano: 2009
Policies, legislation and organizations related to water in South Africa, with special reference to the
Olifants River Basin.
Provedor de dados: 31
Autores: Thompson,
Hubert; Stimie,
Chris M.; Richters,
E.; Perret,
Sylvain R.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper
Palavras-chave: Water resource management; River basins; Water use; Organizations; Institutions; Mapping; Government;
Political aspects; Ethnology; Social status; Water policy; Water law; Land tenure; Water supply; Sanitation; Water users; Land
use; Conflict; Private sector; Non-governmental organizations; Local government; Water users' associations; Catchment areas;
Monitoring; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Political
Economy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001
Auctioning Greenhouse Gas Emissions Permits in Australia
Provedor de dados: 31
Autores: Betz,
Regina; Seifert,
Stefan; Cramton,
Peter; Kerr,
Allocating permits based on individual historical emissions (‘grandfathering’), or industry benchmark data, is an important design
aspect of an emissions trading scheme. Free permit allocation has proven complex and inefficient (particularly in the European
Union) with distribution implications also politically difficult to justify. For these reasons, auctioning emissions permits has
become more popular than allocating permits.
The European Union is now moving towards auctioning more than 50 per cent of
all permits in 2013. In the US, the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) has started with auctioning 100 per cent of permits.
The Australian proposal for a Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (CPRS) also provides for auctioning a significant share of...
Tipo: Report
Palavras-chave: Climate policy; Greenhouse gases; Auctions; Emissions trading; Environmental Economics and Policy;
Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009