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Transcript
1. The term associated with the strongest and most favourable carry on. (Survival of the
Fittest)
2. A small group of a population randomly migrate from the original group to begin a
new colony. (Founder Effect)
3. The name of the ship which Darwin voyaged. (HMS Beagle)
4. Life is thought to have begun from these underwater spouts associated with drastic
and harsh living conditions. (hydrothermal vents)
5. A person who studies fossils. (paleontologist)
6. Structures that have similar structural elements and origin but may have a different
function. (Homologous Structures)
7. A structural, behavioural or physiological process that helps an organism survive and
reproduce in a particular environment. (Adaptation)
8. Differences between individuals which may be structural, functional or physiological.
(variations)
9. Genetic benefit of 1 organism over its competitors which eventually leads to it being
favoured. (Selective Advantage)
10. Mechanism of evolution that occurs by random chance rather than natural selection
(Genetic Drift)
11. Environmental conditions that select for certain characteristics of individuals and
select against other characteristics (Selective Pressure)
12. The contribution an individual makes to the gene pool of the next generation by
producing offspring that survive long enough to reproduce (Fitness)
13. Selective pressure exerted by humans on populations in order to improve or modify
particular desirable traits (Artificial Selection)
14. The evolutionary pattern in which two species gradually become increasingly
different. (Divergent Evolution)
15. Species of different ancestry begin to share analogous traits because of a shared
environment or other selection pressure. (Convergent Evolution)
16. Atmosphere contained N2, CO2, CH4, water vapour, H2, O2, hydrogen sulphide
(Primitive)
17. The most common intermediate phenotypes within a population are favoured by the
environment. (Stabilizing Selection)
18. Favours individuals with variations at opposite extremes of a trait. (Disruptive
Selection)
19. Tested the notion of inorganic gases coming together to form organic molecules;
(Miller-Urey)
20. Agreed that spontaneous generation of life is not possible under present earth
conditions but suggested that the earth's surface and atmosphere were far different
millions of years ago. (Haldane-Oparin)
21. Occurs when natural selection favors a single phenotype and therefore allele
frequency and gene pool continuously shifts in one direction. (Directional Selection)
22. Disproved the theory of spontaneous generation through his famous swan neck flask
experiment. (Pasteur)
23. Belief that life began from spores travelling through outer space (Cozmozoan Theory)
24. Disproved spontaneous Generation by experimenting with a piece of meat, left
uncovered and maggots developed; then covered another piece of meat with cheese
cloth which prevented maggots. (Francesco Redi)
25. He proposed the theory that changes in the earth's crust during geological history
have resulted from the action of continuous, slow gradual and uniform processes.
(Lyell)
26. He proposed the theory that changes in the earth's crust during geological history
have resulted chiefly from sudden violent and unusual events. (Cuvier)
27. A type of speciation that occurs when a single species becomes geographically
separated causing each group to evolve new and distinctive traits. (Allopatric
Speciation)
28. A type of speciation through which new species evolve from a single ancestral
species while inhabiting the same geographic region. (Sympatric Speciation)
29. The stock of different alleles forming genes in a population. (gene pool)
30. A type of natural selection arising through preference by one sex for certain
characteristics in individuals of the other sex. (Sexual selection)
31. A type of natural selection in favor of behavior by individuals that may decrease their
chance of survival but increases that of their family. (kin selection)
32. A reproductive isolation mechanism that prevents species from mating because they
breed at different times. (Temporal RIM)
33. Occurs when there is a disaster of some sort that reduces a population to a small
handful, which rarely represents the actual genetic makeup of the initial population.
(bottleneck effect)
34. An individual who study every aspect of birds, including bird songs, flight patterns,
physical appearance, and migration patterns. (ornithologist)
35. Pertain to the various structures in different species having the same appearance,
structure or function but have evolved separately, thus do not share common ancestor.
(Analagous Structures)
36. A vast fossil deposit in the Canadian Rockies of British Columbia, Canada, famous
for the exceptional preservation of the soft parts of its fossil imprints. (Burgess Shale)
37. The changing of the structure of a gene, resulting in a variant form that may be
transmitted to subsequent generations, caused by the alteration of single base units in
DNA. (mutations)
38. The inhibition or suppression of the reproductive capacity of later generations
between genetically different strains or populations usually belonging to different
species. (hybrid sterility)
39. The prevalence of dark-colored varieties of animals (especially moths) in industrial
areas where they are better camouflaged against predators than paler forms.
(Industrial melanism)
40. The determination of the age or date of organic matter from the relative proportions
of the radioactive isotopes that it contains. (carbon dating)
41. The hypothesis that evolution proceeds chiefly by the accumulation of subtle changes.
(Gradualism)
42. The hypothesis that evolutionary development is marked by isolated episodes of rapid
speciation between long periods of little or no change. (punctuated equilibrium)
43. Evolutionary change within a species or small group of organisms, especially over a
short period. (Microevolution)
44. Major evolutionary change that applies mainly to the evolution of whole taxonomic
groups over long periods of time. (macroevolution)
1. The term associated with the strongest and most favourable carry on.
2. A small group of a population randomly migrate from the original group to begin a
new colony.
3. The name of the ship which Darwin voyaged.
4. Life is thought to have begun from these underwater spouts associated with drastic
and harsh living conditions.
5. A person who studies fossils.
6. Structures that have similar structural elements and origin but may have a different
function.
7. A structural, behavioural or physiological process that helps an organism survive and
reproduce in a particular environment.
8. Differences between individuals which may be structural, functional or physiological.
9. Genetic benefit of 1 organism over its competitors which eventually leads to it being
favoured.
10. Mechanism of evolution that occurs by random chance rather than natural selection
11. Environmental conditions that select for certain characteristics of individuals and
select against other characteristics.
12. The contribution an individual makes to the gene pool of the next generation by
producing offspring that survive long enough to reproduce
13. Selective pressure exerted by humans on populations in order to improve or modify
particular desirable traits.
14. The evolutionary pattern in which two species gradually become increasingly
different.
15. Species of different ancestry begin to share analogous traits because of a shared
environment or other selection pressure.
16. Atmosphere contained N2, CO2, CH4, water vapour, H2, O2, hydrogen sulphide
17. The most common intermediate phenotypes within a population are favoured by the
environment.
18. Favours individuals with variations at opposite extremes of a trait.
19. Tested the notion of inorganic gases coming together to form organic molecules.
20. Agreed that spontaneous generation of life is not possible under present earth
conditions but suggested that the earth's surface and atmosphere were far different
millions of years ago.
21. Occurs when natural selection favors a single phenotype and therefore allele
frequency and gene pool continuously shifts in one direction.
22. Disproved the theory of spontaneous generation through his famous swan neck flask
experiment.
23. Belief that life began from spores travelling through outer space
24. Disproved spontaneous Generation by experimenting with a piece of meat, left
uncovered and maggots developed; then covered another piece of meat with cheese
cloth which prevented maggots.
25. He proposed the theory that changes in the earth's crust during geological history
have resulted from the action of continuous, slow gradual and uniform processes.
26. He proposed the theory that changes in the earth's crust during geological history
have resulted chiefly from sudden violent and unusual events.
27. A type of speciation that occurs when a single species becomes geographically
separated causing each group to evolve new and distinctive traits.
28. A type of speciation through which new species evolve from a single ancestral
species while inhabiting the same geographic region.
29. The stock of different alleles forming genes in a population.
30. A type of natural selection arising through preference by one sex for certain
characteristics in individuals of the other sex.
31. A type of natural selection in favor of behavior by individuals that may decrease their
chance of survival but increases that of their family.
32. A reproductive isolation mechanism that prevents species from mating because they
breed at different times.
33. Occurs when there is a disaster of some sort that reduces a population to a small
handful, which rarely represents the actual genetic makeup of the initial population.
34. An individual who study every aspect of birds, including bird songs, flight patterns,
physical appearance, and migration patterns.
35. Pertain to the various structures in different species having the same appearance,
structure or function but have evolved separately, thus do not share common ancestor.
36. A vast fossil deposit in the Canadian Rockies of British Columbia, Canada, famous
for the exceptional preservation of the soft parts of its fossil imprints.
37. The changing of the structure of a gene, resulting in a variant form that may be
transmitted to subsequent generations, caused by the alteration of single base units in
DNA.
38. The inhibition or suppression of the reproductive capacity of later generations
between genetically different strains or populations usually belonging to different
species.
39. The prevalence of dark-colored varieties of animals (especially moths) in industrial
areas where they are better camouflaged against predators than paler forms.
40. The determination of the age or date of organic matter from the relative proportions
of the radioactive isotopes that it contains.
41. The hypothesis that evolution proceeds chiefly by the accumulation of subtle changes.
42. The hypothesis that evolutionary development is marked by isolated episodes of rapid
speciation between long periods of little or no change.
43. Evolutionary change within a species or small group of organisms, especially over a
short period.
44. Major evolutionary change that applies mainly to the evolution of whole taxonomic
groups over long periods of time.
Survival of the Fittest
Founder Effect
HMS Beagle
Hydrothermal vents
Paleontologist
Homologous Structures
Adaptation
Variations
Selective Advantage
Genetic Drift
Selective Pressure
Fitness
Artificial Selection
Divergent Evolution
Convergent Evolution
Primitive
Stabilizing Selection
Disruptive Selection
Miller-Urey
Haldane-Oparin Theory
Directional Selection
Pasteur
Cozmozoan Theory
Francesco Redi
Allopatric Speciation
Sympatric Speciation
Gene Pool
Sexual Selection
Kin Selection
Temporal RIM
Bottleneck Effect
Ornithologist
Analagous Structure
Burgess Shale
Mutations
Hybrid Sterility
Industrial Melanism
Evolution
Carbon Dating
Gradualism
Punctuated Equilibrium
Cladogram
Microevolution
Macroevolution
Lyell
Cuvier