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GOVERNMENT NOW & THEN United States and Roman Government (A Comparative Study of the 2 Republics) The United States Tripartite Federal Government Structure Has Its Roots In The Roman Republic THE ROMAN REPUBLIC • REPUBLIC - Form of government in which the people elect their leaders – Is a form of representative democracy • Tripartite Government – A government structure that has three parts. (prefix tri = 3) • The Patricians had to change the government in order to meet the growing demands of the Plebeians. ROMAN EXECUTIVE BRANCH • Two most powerful executives were Consuls • Ran the city or Commanded military • Controlled Money • Had Veto Power – Say no to ideas of the other – Helped limit each others power • All Consuls were elected to one year term (Unlimited Reelections) U.S. EXECUTIVE BRANCH • President (1) & Vice President (1) • Commander of Military • Veto Power • Elected to 4 Year Term – (Serve 2 Terms) • Must be 35 years old or older and be a citizen of the United States. Link To White House Home Page ROMAN LEGISLATIVE BRANCH (2 Houses) • Upper House - SENATE • More powerful of the two houses – Was very powerful part of Roman government • 300 Patrician Men – Later wealthy plebeians • Makes Laws • Elected For Life • Must be 18 or older ROMAN LEGISLATIVE BRANCH (2 Houses) • Lower House – ASSEMBLY • Made up of both Patricians & Plebeians • Primary duty was to elect the magistrates that ran city • Less powerful than Senate • Could only suggest laws to Senate • Elected to 1 Year Term – Unlimited Reelection U.S. LEGISLATIVE BRANCH (2 Houses) • Upper House - SENATE • 100 Members • Proposes Laws / Controls Money • Elected to 6 year term – Unlimited Reelection • Must be at least 30, Citizen of U.S. for 9 years, resident of the state you represent. U.S. LEGISLATIVE BRANCH (2 Houses) • Lower House - House of Representatives • 435 Members • Proposes Laws / Controls Money • Has Equal Power with Senate • Elected to 2 year term – Unlimited Reelection • Must be at least 25, Citizen of U.S. for 7 years, resident of the state you represent. LINK http://www.house.gov/ U.S. HOUSE OF REPS. BOTH OF OUR LEGISLATIVE BODIES TOGETHER = CONGRESS ROMAN JUDICIAL BRANCH • Tribunes • Elected by Plebeians • Could veto laws / decisions of all other officials • Job was to protect rights of the Plebeians • To keep them from abusing power, served a one year term U.S. JUDICIAL BRANCH • Supreme Court & The Federal Court System • 9 Justices – Appointed for life by Pres. – Must be approved by Senate • Protects citizens rights set forth in the Constitution • Makes sure laws/policies set forth in Constitution are carried out Link To Supreme Court Home Page U.S. & ROMAN GOVERNMENT 3 BRANCHES U.S. / Roman Government 3 Branches Their Functions EXECUTIVE BRANCH Enforces Laws (Carries them out) LEGISLATIVE BRANCH Makes Laws JUDICIAL BRANCH Interprets Laws Checks & Balances • Methods to make sure one part of the government does not become more powerful than another. • Our government’s strength today is a similar system of checks & balances to keep power shared throughout the tripartite system. Examples of Checks & Balances • For Romans: • Veto power of Consuls • Veto power of Tribunes • Laws proposed by Senate had to be approved by magistrates & assemblies For United States: • • • • President can veto bill from Congress Congress can override a veto of President Judicial branch can declare law unconstitutional Senate must approve the President’s appointments to his cabinet & to the court Now See If You Can List Some Of The Similarities / Differences Between Our Government & The Romans Government Complete On The Diagram Given To You By Mr. Duvall! Use Your Notes! Use Your Brain!