Federalism and Separation of Powers
... • Interstate commerce clause in Gibbons v. Ogden
• Both granted much power to national government
• Little growth of the national government up through 1930s
• Judiciary dominated by states rights interpretations post Marshall
Roman Republican Government
... Segregated into electoral classes based on wealth
• Blocs were called “centuries”
• 1 vote per century
File - AC Classical Studies
... – Veto (I forbid) of the Tribune of the Plebs protected commoners against the
senate’s (aristocrats) laws
– Veto of one consul against his co-consul ensured no ONE could act alone.
– fixed, limited term offices ensured power was spread around.
– sacrosanct tribunes, both their person, and their veto ...
... Checks & Balances
• Methods to make sure one part of the
government does not become more powerful
• Our government’s strength today is a similar
system of checks & balances to keep power
shared throughout the tripartite system.
Chapter 10 Study Guide Key Honors
... system of checks and balances, our government has certain powers to avoid 1 branch
becoming too powerful. For example – the President can appoint a judge to the
Supreme Court – this is a job held for life. Because this is such a huge power, the
Congress must first approve the nomination.
9. What doe ...
Roman Republic Diagram (packet p. 4)
... 1. Senators held office for life; 300
2.Council that advised the city’s
3.By 200 BC, they controlled all of
A veto – Latin for ""I forbid"" – is the power (used by an officer of the state, for example) to unilaterally stop an official action, especially the enactment of legislation. A veto can be absolute, as for instance in the United Nations Security Council, whose permanent members (China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States of America) can block any resolution. Or it can be limited, as in the legislative process of the United States, where a two-thirds vote in both the House and Senate may override a Presidential veto of legislation. A veto gives power only to stop changes, not to adopt them (except for the rare ""amendatory veto""). Thus a veto allows its holder to protect the status quo.The concept of a veto body originated with the Roman consuls and tribunes. Either of the two consuls holding office in a given year could block a military or civil decision by the other; any tribune had the power to unilaterally block legislation passed by the Roman Senate.