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Chapter 10 Study Guide Key
Honors World History
• Consuls Two more powerful magistrates in Romeone runs the army and the other runs the city
• Assemblies primary job was to elect magistrates
in Rome
• Tribune elected officials that the power of VETO,
in office to protect the plebeians (common
people) – in power 1 year
• Senate Advised city leaders in Rome; controlled
city-finances. Members in Rome served for life
• Dictator ruler with absolute power, elected in
Rome for 6 months periods during times of war
• Magistrate elected official – judges, finances,
organized festivals – in power 1 year
• Checks and Balances System put in place to
balance power between the three branches of
• Veto “I prohibit” in Latin. Part of checks and
balances, to limit power of each branch
• Forum Public meeting place to discuss political
ideas, shop, etc.
• Civic Duty responsibility of citizens to improve
their city-jury duty, voting, etc.
• Landlocked Almost or entirely surrounded by
land; having no coastline or seaport.
“Short” Answer
1. List out the chain of events in Romulus and Remus’s life. What made it
so incredible? Why might this be helpful (to have such a unique story) for
the citizens of Rome?
-Born the son of Mars and a Latin Princess
-Jealous uncle sent servants to kill Romulus and Remus for control of
-Sent down river-found and raised by she-wolf; found by shepherd and
raised to adulthood
-Built city on Tiber river where found by she-wolf
-Argued over who to name the city after and who should be the first king
-Romulus killed Remus and you have…ROME
-This may help give people pride to know that they have such a glorious
past – that its leaders were descended from gods
“Short” Answer
2. Create a Venn Diagram to Compare/Contrast the Plebeians and Patricians. Seven points are
-Common people
-can marry one another
-majority of pop.
-can be wealthy
-trace roots to original senators
-craftsmen, farmers, traders
-hold all government power
-protested govt. stopped working
-served as judges; made all laws
-Tribune position to protect
“Short” Answers
3. Ancient Rome is located in this modern day country Italy.
4. Explain the geography of Ancient Rome (given specific
geographic features when appropriate) and climate. Then
explain how these aspects helped the early settlers of Rome.
Mediterranean climate: warm summers and mild/rainy
winters. The landscape is mountainous and covered in hills.
The mountains (Apennines and Alps) provide natural barriers
as protection from invaders. Early settlers could use oceanic
resources for food/trade and landscape for defensive
“Short” Answers
5. Who was Hannibal and what was his role in the Punic Wars?
-Military leader from Carthage (N. Africa)
-Father also a military leader during 1st Punic War
- Grew up hating Romans
-Went to invade Rome through Alps-used war elephants
-Ultimately the Romans led counter-attack and he took his life to avoid
Roman capture.
-After the Punic Wars – Rome gains control of N. Africa, Spain/Portugal, Sicily
& 2 Northern Islands === an empire?
6. Why would the Roman Republic elect dictators for 6 month periods during
times of war?
To make decisions quicker and avoid voting process-after 6 months the
dictator would give up his power –this would ensure he would not become
too powerful and help to get bad dictators out.
“Short” Answers
7.Why did Rome need to have 2 consuls?
-So one would not become too powerful
-1 ran the city and the other controlled the army (many times one was away at war)
8. Explain the purpose of checks and balances and then apply it to our government (in
relation to our three branches.)
This is to ensure one branch of government does not become too powerful. In the
system of checks and balances, our government has certain powers to avoid 1 branch
becoming too powerful. For example – the President can appoint a judge to the
Supreme Court – this is a job held for life. Because this is such a huge power, the
Congress must first approve the nomination.
9. What does “veto” mean? Apply how it is used in our government today.
“I prohibit” in Latin. Example: Legislative branch (Congress) can pass a bill, however it
must go to the president (executive). The president can then veto the bill. However,
this is then passed back to the Congress. They can override the presidential veto if 2/3
(or more) of Congress ok the bill. The Supreme Court (Judicial) can determine if the
law follows the Constitution.