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The improvement of living.
How do people cope with modern society
The project made by
Pankina Mary
10 «А»form
school 574
The contest
The European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working
Role and mission The European Foundation for the Improvement of Living
and Working Conditions;
Society problems;
Causes of Social problems
Bulimia nevrosa
Drug addiction
Panic disorder
Paranoid Personality Disorder
Sleeping pill addiction
The bibliography
The European Foundation for the Improvement
of Living and Working Conditions
The European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working
Conditions' (Eurofound) is a agency of the European Union, with offices
located in Dublin, Ireland. It was set up by in May 1975 by the European
Council to help improve living and working conditions across Europe.
Role and mission The European Foundation for the
Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
The European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working
Conditions describes its role on its own information page as follows:
To provide information, advice and expertise – on living and working
conditions, industrial relations and managing change in Europe – for key
actors in the field of EU social policy on the basis of comparative
information, research and analysis.
It was one of the first bodies established to work on a specific subset of EU
The following Eurofound data are available via ESDS International:
-European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS)
This survey was carried out in 2003 and 2007 covering around 30 countries. The
survey examines a range of issues, such as employment, income, education,
housing, family, health, work-life balance, life satisfaction and perceived quality of
-European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS)
This survey provides an overview on the state of working conditions throughout
Europe, as well as indicating the nature and content of changes affecting the
workforce and the quality of work.
-Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance (ESWT)
This survey aims to map working time policies and practices at the level of the
establishment in the European Union and to survey the views of the different actors
at establishment level on these policies and practices.
Society problems
Social problems (57 causes)
Impulsivity (29 causes)
Hyperactivity (222 causes)
Irritability (661 causes)
Anxiety (807 causes)
Fear (363 causes)
Substance abuse (15 causes)
Isolation (78 causes)
Repetition (8 causes)
Disorganization (45 causes)
Social withdrawal (17 causes)
Severe anxiety (3 causes)
Anxiety disorder (6 causes)
Apprehension (6 causes)
Nervousness (72 causes)
more types...»
Causes of Social problems
This is more famous causes of social problems in the world:
Bulimia nevrosa
 Drug addiction
 Panic disorder
 Paranoid Personality Disorder
 Sleeping pill addiction
And others..
Alcoholism is any condition that results in the continued consumption of alcoholic
beverages, despite health problems and negative social consequences.
Although the biological mechanisms underpinning alcoholism are uncertain, some risk
factors, including social environment, stress,[3] emotional health, genetic
predisposition, age, and gender have been identified. For example, those who
consume alcohol at an early age, by age 16 or younger, are at a higher risk of alcohol
dependence or abuse. Also, studies indicate that the proportion of men with alcohol
dependence is higher than the proportion of women, 7% and 2.5% respectively,
although women are more vulnerable to long-term consequences of alcoholism.
Around 90% of adults in United States consume alcohol, and more than 700,000 of
them are treated daily for alcoholism.[4] Professor David Zaridze, who led the
international research team, calculated that alcohol had killed three million Russians
since 1987.
Autism is a disorder of neural development that is characterized by impaired social interaction and
communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior. These signs all begin before a child is
three years old.
Autism involves many parts of the brain; how this occurs is not well understood. The two other autism
spectrum disorders (ASD) are Asperger syndrome, which lacks delays in cognitive development
and language, and PDD-NOS, diagnosed when full criteria for the other two disorders are not met.
Autism has a strong genetic basis, although the genetics of autism are complex and it is unclear
whether ASD is explained more by rare mutations, or by rare combinations of common genetic
variants. In rare cases, autism is strongly associated with agents that cause birth defects.
Parents usually notice signs in the first two years of their child's life. The signs usually develop
gradually, but some autistic children first develop more normally and then regress. Although early
behavioral or cognitive intervention can help autistic children gain self-care, social, and
communication skills, there is no known cure. Not many children with autism live independently
after reaching adulthood, though some become successful.
Bulimia nevrosa
Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by recurrent binge eating, followed by
compensatory behaviors.
The most common form is defensive vomiting, sometimes called purging; fasting, the use of laxatives,
enemas, diuretics, and over exercising are also common.
Bulimia nervosa was named and first described by the British psychiatrist Gerald Russell in 1979.
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV TR) published by
the American Psychiatric Association, the criteria for diagnosing a patient with bulimia are:
Recurrent episodes of binge eating. An episode of binge eating is characterized by both of the
Eating, in a fixed period of time, an amount of food that is definitely larger than most people would
eat under similar circumstances. Mainly eating binge foods.
A lack of control over eating during the episode: a feeling that one cannot stop eating or control
what or how much one is eating.
Triggers include periods of stress, traumatic events, and self-evaluation of body shape and
Depression is a term that can refer to a wide variety of abnormal variations in an
individual's mood. If changes in an individual's mood are persistent and cause
distress or impairment in functioning, then a mood disorder may be present.
Individuals with mood disorders experience extremes of emotions, for example
sadness, that are higher in intensity and longer in duration than normal.
Mood disorders are generally classified as either a type of unipolar depression or
bipolar depression. Unipolar depression is characterized by periods of depressed
mood, profound sadness, or loss of interest in activities. Bipolar depression is
characterized by periods of depressed mood that alternate with periods of extremely
elevated mood, increased energy, and euphoria. These periods of elevated mood are
referred to as mania. Within both unipolar and bipolar categories, specific sets of
symptoms are characteristic of particular disorders, each of which has its own
diagnostic profile, treatments, and prognosis.
Drug addiction
Drug addiction is a pathological condition which arises due to frequent drug use. The
disorder of addiction involves the progression of acute drug use to the development
of drug-seeking behavior, the vulnerability to relapse, and the decreased, slowed
ability to respond to naturally rewarding stimuli.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV)
has categorized three stages of addiction: preoccupation/anticipation,
binge/intoxication, and withdrawal/negative affect. These stages are characterized,
respectively, everywhere by constant cravings and preoccupation with obtaining the
substance; using more of the substance than necessary to experience the
intoxicating effects; and experiencing tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, and
decreased motivation for normal life activities.
Panic disorder
Panic disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by recurring severe panic attacks.
It may also include significant behavioral change lasting at least a month and of
ongoing worry about the implications or concern about having other attacks. The
latter are called anticipatory attacks (DSM-IVR). Panic disorder is not the same as
agoraphobia, although many with panic disorder also suffer from agoraphobia.
Panic disorder sufferers usually have a series of intense episodes of extreme anxiety
during panic attacks. These attacks typically last about ten minutes, but can be as
short-lived as 1–5 minutes and last as long as twenty minutes or until medical
intervention. However, attacks can wax and wane for a period of hours (panic attacks
rolling into one another), and the intensity and specific symptoms of panic may vary
over the duration. Common symptoms of an attack include rapid heartbeat,
perspiration, dizziness, dyspnea, trembling, uncontrollable fear, hyperventilation, etc.
Some individuals deal with these events on a regular basis, sometimes daily or
weekly. The outward symptoms of a panic attack often cause negative social
experiences (i.e. embarrassment, social stigma, social isolation, etc.).
Paranoid Personality Disorder
Paranoid personality disorder is a psychiatric diagnosis characterized by paranoia
and a pervasive, long-standing suspiciousness and generalized mistrust of others.
Those with the condition are hypersensitive, are easily slighted, and habitually relate
to the world by vigilant scanning of the environment for clues or suggestions to
validate their prejudicial ideas or biases. They tend to be guarded and suspicious and
have quite constricted emotional lives. Their incapacity for meaningful emotional
involvement and the general pattern of isolated withdrawal often lend a quality of
schizoid isolation to their life experience.
Sleeping pill addiction
Sleeping pill addiction: An uncontrollable desire to use sleeping pills on a regular
basis. Sleeping pills are often prescribed for the treatment of sleeping problems but
chronic use can lead to dependence on the drug. Frequent use leads to an increased
tolerance to the drug so higher and higher doses are required to achieve the desired
euphoric feeling.
Symptoms of Sleeping pill addiction: Weight loss, Nausea, Headache, Paranoia,
Hallucination , Confusion, Runny nose, Glazed eyes, Red eyes, Persistent cough,
Forgetfulness, Rapid speech, Excessive energy, Social isolation, Insomnia .
The bibliography