... history of mental disorders
- biological differences - abnormal levels of certain
- enviromental factors - stress, abuse, significant loss
or other traumatic experiences
Mood disorders questions:
... 8.) Describe the first‐line treatments for depression as well as the various alternative
treatments and their indications.
... Table 1. Definition and symptoms of mania and depression.
Definition: A period of elevated, irritable, or expansive mood for more
than one week accomplished by at least 3 of the following:
Inflated self-esteem or grandiosity
Decreased need for sleep
Increased talkativeness or pressured s ...
bipolar disorder: at-a-glance
... Bipolar disorder often emerges between the late teens and early thirties. Although the illness can occur at
any point in life, at least half of all cases start before age 25.
Bipolar disorder is not easy to spot when it starts because of its irregular patterns. Some people suffer for
years before th ...
Bipolar Disorder Discussion
... Bipolar Disorder - Definition
– Bipolar I
– Bipolar II
– Mixed episodes
– Rapid cycling
Mood Disorder: Management in the Modern Age
... • 2 weeks of depressed mood or loss of interest and
pleasure almost every day and all day plus 3 or 4:
change in sleep pattern and unrefreshed
change in appetite/weight
loss of energy
slowed down or agitated
poor concentration/ ability to decide
decreased confidence, self-worth
Bipolar Disorder: From One Extreme to the Other
... Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression, is an illness involving one or more
episodes of serious mania and depression. The illness causes a person’s mood to swing
from excessively “high” and/or irritable to sad and hopeless, with periods of a normal
mood in between. More than 2 million Amer ...
(HCL-32 R1) Manual
... continuum from normal lows and highs to clinically relevant depression/melancholia and
In clinical practice, hypomanic symptoms are often not identified because they are either not
experienced or not recognized as abnormal by the individual and therefore are not
spontaneously report ...
Understanding mood disorders
... “I faded away to a shadow of my former self. It’s
a savage disease that destroys your very soul
and the essence of your being. Depression
takes away the one thing that you thought
... •for patients where drugs are ineffective or that can’t wait for
drugs to take effect
•electric shock to the cortex for less than 1 second
•creates seizure and mild convulsions
•takes about 6-10 sessions every other day
•some short term memory loss
•60% relapse rate
early onset bipolar disorder
... Plan for unstructured times of the day
Adjust for medication needs, dispensing, as well
as plans for addressing side effects (e.g.,
... disorders that include manic episodes,
hypomanic episodes, mixed episodes,
depressed episodes, and cyclothymic disorder.
Only clients with Bipolar Disorder experience the
elevated mood symptoms seen in mania and
Bipolar Disorder - Boston Evening Therapy Associates
... and hopelessness, which may include suicidal ideation.
Alternatively, a person may experience depressive episodes
with intervals of mania (or both which is termed ‘mixed
episodes’). The symptoms include multiple functional
disregulations affecting sleep, frustration tolerance,
concentration, appetit ...
... Bipolar disorder typically occurs during the late
teenage years or early adulthood.
Half of all cases occur before age 25 (NIMH).
The prevalence of bipolar disorder is 2.6 percent
of the U.S. population.
Symptoms of the disorder come in two forms:
... Environmental and family stress
Lithium and anticonvulsant drugs
Family psychoeducation and therapy
Young Adults with Bipolar Disorder
... Have a greater difficulty with job longevity often
losing a job during a depressive episode
“People at risk for mania have also been found to
have high educational and occupational attainment”
(Kwapil, Miller, Zinser, Chapman, Chapman, &
right click here
... (what Mood Disorders coexist with)
Substance Abuse Disorders
40% of people with mood disorders
also have substance abuse disorders
Mood Disorders - Wiki-cik
... • Cannot “shake it off” or “snap
out of it”
• May include delusions about
one’s body ‘rotting’ from
illness, hallucinations, or
... “It’s because of something about the
Bipolar II disorder
Bipolar II disorder (BP-II; pronounced ""type two bipolar disorder"") is a bipolar spectrum disorder (see also Bipolar disorder) characterized by at least one episode of hypomania and at least one episode of major depression. Diagnosis for bipolar II disorder requires that the individual must never have experienced a full manic episode (unless it was caused by an antidepressant medication; otherwise one manic episode meets the criteria for bipolar I disorder). Symptoms of mania and hypomania are similar, though mania is more severe and may precipitate psychosis. The hypomanic episodes associated with bipolar II disorder must last for at least four days. Commonly, depressive episodes are more frequent and more intense than hypomanic episodes. Additionally, when compared to bipolar I disorder, type II presents more frequent depressive episodes and shorter intervals of well-being. The course of bipolar II disorder is more chronic and consists of more frequent cycling than the course of bipolar I disorder. Finally, bipolar II is associated with a greater risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviors than bipolar I or unipolar depression. Although bipolar II is commonly perceived to be a milder form of Type I, this is not the case. Types I and II present equally severe burdens.Bipolar II is difficult to diagnose. Patients usually seek help when they are in a depressed state. Because the symptoms of hypomania are often mistaken for high functioning behavior or simply attributed to personality, patients are typically not aware of their hypomanic symptoms. As a result, they are unable to provide their doctor with all the information needed for an accurate assessment; these individuals are often misdiagnosed with unipolar depression. Of all individuals initially diagnosed with major depressive disorder, between 40% and 50% will later be diagnosed with either BP-I or BP-II. Substance abuse disorders (which have high comorbidity with BP-II) and periods of mixed depression may also make it more difficult to accurately identify BP-II. Despite the difficulties, it is important that BP-II individuals be correctly assessed so that they can receive the proper treatment. Antidepressant use, in the absence of mood stabilizers, is correlated with worsening BP-II symptoms.