Depressive Rumination: Nature, Theory and Treatment
... inﬂuential in the conceptualization and treatment of depression. Several cognitive processes have been implicated in the development, maintenance, and
recurrence/relapse of depression. In the past 15 years, persistent, recyclic, negative thinking, in the form of rumination, has attracted increasing ...
Dissociation in the Finnish General Population
... The aim of this epidemiological study was to investigate the prevalence of psychological and somatoform
dissociation and associated factors in the general population. The course of psychological dissociation was examined in
a three-year follow-up study. Dissociation was measured with the Dissociativ ...
Bipolar Disorders 100 years after manic
... "folie circulaire" of Jean-Pierre Falret or the "folie à double forme" of Jules
Baillarger differs from recurrent depression, which is also different from
Kraepelin's "manic-depressive insanity". Yet the answer to the question of
A Psychiatric Diagnosis Primer
... encountered a wide variety of academic and work environments. There is no question that a
single theme persists in all human milieus: psychiatric morbidity, more commonly known as
Mental illness accounts for an untold loss of business and personal income, marital
disillusionment, sch ...
The bidirectionality of the relationship between insomnia, anxiety
... 6.2.1. Bidirectionality across various age groups and cultures ..................................................................161
6.2.2. Bidirectionality across different methods of assessment ................................................................163
6.2.3. Bidirectionality and follow- ...
Harmonisation of ICD–11 and DSM–V
... Harmonisation of these types of differences should be an
especially important priority in the DSM–V/ICD–11 development
process. Studies that have compared the impact of such casual
definitional differences on prevalence rates reveal that even small
differences in wording can lead to significance rat ...
Self-Reported Depressive Symptoms and Antisocial
... 18.104.22.168 Prevalence and incidence of adolescent antisocial behaviour ..........42
2.3.5 Development, course and consequences of adolescent
22.214.171.124 Etiology of adolescent antisocial behav ...
anxiety and related disorders
... The overall lifetime prevalence of anxiety disorders was 14,6% and annually was 12,6 % in
the Epidemilogical Catchement Area compared with national Comorbidity Survey where
the prevalence of anxiety disorders was 25% (19% at men and 31% at women)
The prevalence is ranged around 3.8% for panic disord ...
... Defeat and Entrapment in Psychopathology 10
suggestion that the blocking of defensive motivations to escape stressful or defeating
situations, labeled entrapment, is central to the development of depressive symptoms (Gilbert,
2001a, 2001b). Gilbert and Allan (1998) argue that the motivation to esca ...
Perfectionism and eating disorders - The Bardone
... researchers have since demonstrated that the EDI-Perfectionism subscale may better fit a two-factor model, including
self-oriented perfectionism and family-pressured perfectionism (Joiner & Schmidt, 1995; Sherry, Hewitt, Besser,
McGee, & Flett, 2004). Both of these measures have satisfactory psychom ...
The Relationship Between ADHD and Trait Facets of the Five
... disorder characterized as a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivityimpulsivity. This disorder is composed of three sub-types: Predominately,
inattentive/hyperactive/impulsive, and combined (American Psychiatric Association
[APA], 2013). Traditionally, the focus has been on the impact ...
Body dysmorphic disorder: some key issues for DSMV - DSM-5
... of anxiety; worry also has an emotional component. More specifically, worry involves the perception of threat from a potential future negative event.
The event usually has a low probability of occurrence
and/or is outside the person’s control. In DSM-IIIR, worry became a feature of ge ...
CBHSQ DATA REVIEW
... Even though the original intent of the 2008–2012
MHSS clinical study was to assist in the development of
a model for the NSDUH to yield model-based estimates
of SMI among adults,3 these data can also be used
to generate a limited number of prevalence estimates
of past year mental disorders for the a ...
Generalized anxiety disorder and clinical worry episodes in young
... as a diagnostic criterion for GAD should not
include content concerning other Axis I disorders
such as the worry of having a panic attack
(panic disorder) or the worry of behaving in an
embarrassing way in social situations (social
phobia). In comparison, worries that are typical
for GAD are less co ...
... Although bipolar disorder represents a major public health problem, its
causes remain incompletely understood. It is now clear that genetic factors
play a significant role in the onset of bipolar disorder, as recent studies suggest
a heritability risk of 85%.5 Moreover, not only is bipolar disorder ...
... their symptoms may count toward a diagnosis of Somatization Disorder. Some individuals have
objective findings and an associated general medical condition that does not fully explain the
complaints. For example, individuals with hypothyroidism may present with multiple complaints
and a significant n ...
Managing Depressive Symptoms in Substance Abuse Clients
... experts to produce the TIPs, which are distributed to facilities and individuals across the country. As alcohol
and drug use disorders are increasingly recognized as a major problem, the audience for the TIPs is expanding
beyond public and private treatment facilities to include practitioners in men ...
Preview the material
... Manual of Mental Disorders, has been the industry standard for clinicians, researchers,
pharmaceutical companies, insurance companies, and policymakers since the original draft
was published in 1952 (1). The fifth revision of the Manual, known as DSM-5, was
published on May 22, 2013, after receiving ...
The Depression Learning Path By
... Not all people have all of these, and some have different signs, but if you are depressed, at
least some of these will probably ring true with you.
The individual signs of depression - the way you feel - are what are used in diagnosing
depression. So it's easy to see why there is so much confusion, ...
GASTRO-ESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD):
... perceived by others, and it can affect how and why individuals seek help.
Exposure and susceptibility to mental illness are also impacted by gender
The most significant gender differences occur in the instance and rates of
the more common mental health conditions, such as depression, ...
Full Issue - The Professional Counselor
... diagnosis, which will lead to more targeted and effective treatment.
Consider to what extent signs and symptoms are related to a developmental conflict or stage. A
primary strength of counseling professional identity is the focus on human development as a key factor in client
distress and resiliency ...
DSM-5: A Comprehensive Review
... and policymakers since the original draft was published in 1952.1 The fifth
revision of the Manual, known as DSM-5, was published on May 22, 2013,
after receiving approval at the annual APA conference. Although the manual
has been considered the standard for the diagnosis of mental disorders, each
Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders
... the criterion. Alogia (poverty of speech) is manifested by brief, laconic, empty replies. The
individual with alogia appears to have a diminution of thoughts that is reflected in decreased
fluency and productivity of speech. This must be differentiated from an unwillingness to speak, a
clinical judg ...
Research Quarterly The Dissociative Subtype of PTSD: Rationale, Evidence,
... and suicidality as well as comorbid anxiety disorders. Moreover,
the study demonstrated that the basic pattern of results replicated
across countries that differed in income, providing strong support
for the cross-cultural relevance and generalizability of the subtype.
Lanius et al. (2010), followed ...
Psychosocial working conditions, physiological stress, and
... workplace functioning 14. Depression is characterized by depressed mood, loss of
interest, and decreased energy accompanied by other symptoms such as loss of selfesteem, decrease in activity, reduced capacity for enjoyment and concentration,
tiredness after minimal effort, disturbed sleep, feelings ...
Dysthymia (/dɪsˈθaɪmiə/ dis-THY-mee-ə, from Ancient Greek δυσθυμία, ""bad state of mind""), sometimes also called neurotic depression, dysthymic disorder, or chronic depression, is a mood disorder consisting of the same cognitive and physical problems as in depression, with less severe but longer-lasting symptoms. The concept was coined by Robert Spitzer as a replacement for the term ""depressive personality"" in the late 1970s.According to the diagnosis manual DSM-IV of 1994, dysthymia is a serious state of chronic depression, which persists for at least two years (1 year for children and adolescents). Serious state of chronic depression will last at least three years, with this length of recovery, it can stay balanced enough to control it from major depressive disorder. Dysthymia is less acute and severe than major depressive disorder. As dysthymia is a chronic disorder, sufferers may experience symptoms for many years before it is diagnosed, if diagnosis occurs at all. As a result, they may believe that depression is a part of their character, so they may not even discuss their symptoms with doctors, family members, or friends.Dysthymia often co-occurs with other mental disorders. A ""double depression"" is the occurrence of episodes of major depression in addition to dysthymia. Switching between periods of dysthymic moods and periods of hypomanic moods is indicative of cyclothymia, which is a mild variant of bipolar disorder.In the DSM-5, dysthymia is replaced by persistent depressive disorder. This new condition includes both chronic major depressive disorder and the previous dysthymic disorder. The reason for this change is that there was no evidence for meaningful differences between these two conditions.