Associations between substance use disorder and
... There are up to ten times more boys than girls in clinical samples of children
with ADHD, but the gender difference declines with age. In epidemiological and adult
samples there are usually about twice as many males than females (Wilens et al, 2002).
Gudjonsson et al (2012) used a self-administered ...
A Psychiatric Diagnosis Primer
... come to a final conclusion regarding an individual’s mental status without
consulting someone who is skilled in the area of diagnosis and treatment of
Although A Psychiatric Diagnosis Primer does not turn you into a professional
diagnostician, my book does allow you to make an ...
post traumatic stress disorders in a global context
... problems such as depression, suicide behavior, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
The authors of post-traumatic Stress Disorder in a Global Context present a wide array of
information that practitioners will find useful in understanding PTSD in practice.
Carefully chosen, each chapter blends in wit ...
... he common feature of the Somatoform Disorders is the presence of physical symptoms that
suggest a general medical condition (hence, the term somatoform) and are not fully explained by
a general medical condition, by the direct effects of a substance, or by another mental disorder
(e.g., Panic Disord ...
GASTRO-ESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD):
... The most common mental health condition linked to domestic violence is
depression.(9) When women experience domestic violence, the humiliation,
degradation, and lack of love and support can trigger depression. In
addition to triggering depression, these factors can also enhance the
symptoms associa ...
Body dysmorphic disorder: some key issues for DSMV - DSM-5
... of anxiety; worry also has an emotional component. More specifically, worry involves the perception of threat from a potential future negative event.
The event usually has a low probability of occurrence
and/or is outside the person’s control. In DSM-IIIR, worry became a feature of ge ...
The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders
... and the special committee on classification, assembled comments of numerous
psychiatrists in its member associations and gave most valuable advice
during both the field trials and the finalization of the proposals. Other
nongovernmental organizations in official and working relations with WHO,
Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents
... Professor Philip Treffers, along with Wendy, organized the Leiden conference while
she was on sabbatical there. The resulting first edition of this text contained chapters
predominantly based on presentations given at the conference. In the four years between
the meeting and the publication of the b ...
Boundless Study Slides
... • personality disorder A state in which an individual displays patterns of cognition, behavior, and emotion that differ from cultural
norms, cause distress and impairment, apply across many contexts, and have been exhibited over a long duration of time.
• physical integrity The inviolability of the ...
The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders
... disorders), and for the block F30-F39 (Mood [affective] disorders). Because of the
long-standing and notoriously difficult problems associated with the description and
classification of these disorders, special care has been taken to explain how the
classification has been approached.
For each disor ...
Eating Disorders in the Workplace
... Research tells us the majority of people with eating disorders are female. However
studies suggest that up to 25% of all those suffering could be male. Eating disorders
can affect anyone in our society, with people from all backgrounds and ethnic groups
being equally vulnerable. Myths and stereotype ...
Eating Disorders in the Workplace
... You cannot tell by looking at someone whether they have an eating disorder. However,
young women are most likely to develop an eating disorder, particularly those aged 12 to 20.
Children as young as seven can develop anorexia and there is a greater proportion of boys in
this younger age group.
a history of antisocial personality disorder in the
... involved in developing diagnostic criteria of antisocial personality disorder, one may gain insight
into treatments that have better chances of reducing symptoms and behaviors of the disorder. The
formulation of creating the criteria for antisocial personality disorder has existed since the first
CME Body Dysmorphic Disorder and Cosmetic Surgery
... Body dysmorphic disorder is currently categorized as a somatoform disorder.45 This classification has been criticized, with some researchers asserting that body dysmorphic disorder
should be considered an obsessive-compulsive
spectrum disorder47,48 or an affective spectrum
Three diagnost ...
The prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder: a
... diagnostic classiﬁcation criteria as well as treatment needs. Moreover, additional studies on the
prevalence of BDD might raise awareness about
this often secretive and underdiagnosed disorder. Although suﬀering from BDD, patients
present only rarely with these complaints in
general practice. Indeed ...
chapter 12 psychological disorders
... by psychological factors such as excessive stress and anxiety.
o Since there is a clear connection between stress (and anxiety and emotional arousal)
and the functioning of the body’s organs and immune system, modern medicine
endorses the idea that all physical ailments are to some extent psychosoma ...
Sample Chapter - McGraw Hill Higher Education
... The Nature of Personality Disorders
A personality disorder involves a longlasting maladaptive pattern of inner experience and behavior, dating back to adolescence or young adulthood, that is manifested in at least two of
the following areas: (1) cognition, (2) affectivity, (3) interpersonal function ...
Do dissociative disorders exist in Northern Ireland?: Blind
... and if they volunteered they would attend
two interviews spaced between a week and
a month apart. Both referring psychiatrists
were not treating any patients for dissociative disorders before the study started. In
addition, with the exception of one patient
who had just been accepted by one consulta ...
Abnormal Behavior: Myths and Realities Anxiety Disorders
... Hollywood Versus Reality In The Dark Knight, the Joker takes the image of the insane killer to
new heights. As a plot device, the deranged, evil killer on the loose is standard fare in television
dramas like CSI and film thrillers like the Halloween and the Friday the 13th movies. Such media
Understanding and treating depersonalisation disorder
... general population, with a gender ratio of about 1:1.
In psychiatric populations, depersonalisation is
encountered with surprising frequency: one survey
(Brauer et al, 1970) found that it occurred in 80% of
a sample of psychiatric in-patients, and was chronic
and disabling in a fifth of this group. ...
ABSTRACT Title of Document:
... theoretically relevant variables (symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress; fear of
negative evaluation; and social anxiety). These findings are important because they
illustrate that, even at the sub-clinical level observed in this undergraduate sample,
BPD symptoms are related to impaired inti ...
Nursing Care For Anxiety Disorder
... ◦ Thought of causing embarrassment to self in
front of others, being in a place from which
one is unable to escape, or specific stimuli
Invited paper to: Advances in Eating Disorders: Theory, Research
... Epidemiological case definitions revisited
Building on historical heritages (Rosenvinge & Pettersen, 2014a) the DSM represents the
default model for epidemiological case definitions. So far, the DSM-5 classification does not
seem to produce very different incidence or prevalence figures. Rather, the ...
... Health Survey, the corresponding figures were 7.1%, 4.8%, 1.6% and 2.2%.
The burden placed by phobic disorders on the patients, the families and
the society at large is very significant. For instance, social phobia has been
consistently associated with a lower educational attainment, a lower
Social anxiety disorder
Social anxiety disorder (SAD), also known as social phobia, is an anxiety disorder characterised by an intense fear in one or more social situations causing considerable distress and impaired ability to function in at least some parts of daily life. These fears can be triggered by perceived or actual scrutiny from others. It is the most common anxiety disorder and one of the most common psychiatric disorders, with 12% of American adults having experienced it.Physical symptoms often accompanying social anxiety disorder include excessive blushing, excess sweating, trembling, palpitations and nausea. Stammering may be present, along with rapid speech. Panic attacks can also occur under intense fear and discomfort. Some sufferers may use alcohol or other drugs to reduce fears and inhibitions at social events. It is common for sufferers of social phobia to self-medicate in this fashion, especially if they are undiagnosed, untreated, or both; this can lead to alcoholism, eating disorders or other kinds of substance abuse. SAD is sometimes referred to as an 'illness of lost opportunities' where 'individuals make major life choices to accommodate their illness.' Standardized rating scales such as the Social Phobia Inventory, the SPAI-B and Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale can be used to screen for social anxiety disorder and measure the severity of anxiety.The first line treatment for social anxiety disorder is cognitive behavioral therapy with medications recommended only in those who are not interested in therapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy is effective in treating social phobia, whether delivered individually or in a group setting. The cognitive and behavioral components seek to change thought patterns and physical reactions to anxiety-inducing situations. The attention given to social anxiety disorder has significantly increased since 1999 with the approval and marketing of drugs for its treatment. Prescribed medications include several classes of antidepressants: selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). Other commonly used medications include beta blockers and benzodiazepines.