International classification of sleep disorders, revised
... of Sleep Medicine provided support and helpful advice throughout the long
process of developing the text.
Karel M. Weigel, R.R.A., of the Council on Clinical Classifications; Robert H.
Seeman, of the Commission on Professional and Hospital Activities; Patricia E.
Brooks, R.R.A., of the Health Care F ...
... Elected to Fellow Status in the Society for Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, Division 53 of the
American Psychological Association, August 2013. Elected as Fellow of Division 5 (Assessment and
Measurement) and Division 12 (Clinical Psychology) in August 2014.
Elected to Fellow Status in the ...
MINDFULNESS AS A PREDICTOR OF POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER
... the ability of individuals to label negative affective stimuli, which may, in turn, allow individuals
some degree of distance or detachment from these experiences (Creswell, May, Eisenberger, &
Lieberman, 2007). Consequently, cultivation of mindfulness can create a sea change in the way
one approach ...
(2008). Nonresponse and dropout rates in outcome
... reexperiencing and avoidance can be readily observed and reported. One’s psychological
defenses and coping mechanisms are not as subtle and mature as previously. Well-adapted
individuals often regress to surprising levels of dysfunction, relying often on mechanisms such
projective identification and ...
Bipolar Disorders 100 years after manic
... 2000). Heroes in the poems of Homer were used by ancient Greek physicians
and philosophers – for instance Aristotle and Aretaeus of Cappadocia – as
examples for mania or melancholia. Hippocrates (460–337 BC), however,
was the first to systematically describe melancholia and mania, as well as
other m ...
... Health Survey, the corresponding figures were 7.1%, 4.8%, 1.6% and 2.2%.
The burden placed by phobic disorders on the patients, the families and
the society at large is very significant. For instance, social phobia has been
consistently associated with a lower educational attainment, a lower
Kluwer Academic Publishers
... to address schizophrenia, a topic of resurgent interest. The remaining chapters have been
revised to reﬂect recent changes in research and theories. The authors were asked to
provide a comprehensive overview of their topics rather than focusing on their own
research or theoretical biases. Furthermor ...
Associations between substance use disorder and
... Alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, heroin and amphetamine are examples of commonly
abused substances. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders’ (DSMIV) criteria for substance abuse and dependence include using a substance repetitively
with wide consequences: failing to take care of one’s ...
anxiety and related disorders
... disorders. Psychological conditions are highly prevalent among adults in general, and
among adults with chronic diseases, in particular.
Many aspects of anxiety can be observed; epidemiological and genetics, biological bases,
cognitive neuroscience, co‐morbid mental and physical ...
Perfectionism and eating disorders - The Bardone
... researchers have since demonstrated that the EDI-Perfectionism subscale may better fit a two-factor model, including
self-oriented perfectionism and family-pressured perfectionism (Joiner & Schmidt, 1995; Sherry, Hewitt, Besser,
McGee, & Flett, 2004). Both of these measures have satisfactory psychom ...
post traumatic stress disorders in a global context
... failure, rejection, serious illness and financial reverses. (By this logic adverse psychological
responses to such "ordinary stressors" would, in DSM-III terms, be characterized as
Adjustment Disorders rather than PTSD.) This dichotomization between traumatic and
other stressors was based on the ass ...
Eugen Bleuler`s Dementia Praecox or the Group
... of American psychiatrists dissatisfied with the broad and
apparently unreliable approach of the Bleulerian school.
As a sign of their break, they identified themselves as the
neo-Kraepelinian movement9,10 or the neo-Kraepelinian
revolution.11 The neo-Kraepelinians argued that mental
illnesses were d ...
Using the Conners 3 and Conners CBRS
... When is the Conners 3 appropriate to use?
Who can complete the Conners 3?
How do I know which form to use?
What do I tell the rater?
– General description of the Conners 3
– Reason he/she is being asked to complete it
– Instructions to complete it
– Thank you for your information
Specific phobia: a review of DSM-IV specific phobia and - DSM-5
... situations such as driving, tunnels, bridges, enclosed
places, or flying), and other type (fear cued by other
stimuli, such as loud noises and costumed characters as
well as situations that could lead to illness, choking,
or vomiting). These types were an addition to the
DSM-IV criteria, based on a ...
The Relationship Between ADHD and Trait Facets of the Five
... features of ADHD as well. Difficulty sustaining attention, as previously discussed, is a
major factor within the diagnostic criteria. Still also suggested that symptoms exist in
multiple environments; that is, a pervasiveness, which remains to this day a requirement
for a diagnosis.
Physicians Franz ...
Best Practices for Treatment of Post
... PTSD is a recent disorder in the scope of psychology, only formally introduced to the
Diagnostics and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders in the 1970s. Since then, recognition of
the disorder and its sources has increased both in psychological awareness and public
consciousness. PTSD can come fro ...
ADHD Combined Type and ADHD Predominantly Inattentive Type
... includes not only describing associated symptoms, but
also the distribution across race, sex, age at onset, and precipitating factors, among others. The second phase
includes conducting reliable laboratory studies to help
develop a more precise clinical description. Laboratory
studies include the us ...
PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND CREATIVITY Mad Genius Revisited
... Here we aim to elucidate whether and how creativity links to inclinations towards
commonly occurring psychopathologies, including depressive, anxiety, and bipolar disorders,
and schizophrenia and psychosis. These inclinations are typically measured in non-clinical
samples as the degree to which peop ...
The longitudinal course of PTSD among disaster workers deployed
... vulnerable to a variety of mental health issues, because they are
repeatedly exposed to trauma as part of their work. Specifically,
intensity and duration of exposure have been shown to play an
important role in symptom development (Norris et al., 2002).
Perceptions of safety may also play a role, s ...
PTSD - NDCRC
... PTSD: A New Subtype
Dissociative Subtype of PTSD:
Meets criteria for a diagnosis of PTSD
Experiences high levels of depersonalization or
Dissociative symptoms are not related to substance
abuse or other medical condition
... Whereas most individuals who experience tinnitus apparently
cope well with the condition, 1 in 5 reports to be emotionally
affected (Eggermont and Roberts, 2004), with 1.6% of the population experiencing major distress, and 0.5% feeling so severely
impaired that they are unable to lead a normal life ...
A Psychiatric Diagnosis Primer
... elderly. It is extremely important for you to understand that condensing the wide and varied
mental health diagnostic presentations into a single text borders on the impossible.
All humans suffer from psychological problems. Being stressed about work, having too
much to drink, unable to sleep, feel ...
Depersonalization disorder (DPD) is a mental disorder in which the sufferer has persistent or recurrent feelings of depersonalization and/or derealization. In the DSM-5 it was combined with Derealization Disorder and renamed to Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder (DDPD). In the DSM-5 it remains classified as a dissociative disorder, while in the ICD-10 it is called depersonalization-derealization syndrome and classified as a neurotic disorder.Symptoms can be classified as either depersonalization or derealization. Depersonalization is described as feeling disconnected or estranged from one's body, thoughts, or emotions. Individuals experiencing depersonalization may report feeling as if they are in a dream or are watching themselves in a movie. They may feel like an outside observer of their own thoughts or body, and often report feeling a loss of control over their thoughts or actions. In some cases, individuals may be unable to accept their reflection as their own, or they may have out-of-body experiences. While depersonalization is a sense of detachment from one's self, derealization is described as detachment from one's surroundings. Individuals experiencing derealization may report perceiving the world around them as foggy, dreamlike/surreal, or visually distorted.In addition to these depersonalization-derealization disorder symptoms, the inner turmoil created by the disorder can result in depression, self-harm, low self-esteem, anxiety attacks, panic attacks, phobias, etc. It can also cause a variety of physical symptoms, including chest pain, blurry vision, nausea, and the sensation of pins and needles in one's arms or legs.Diagnostic criteria for depersonalization-derealization disorder includes, among other symptoms, persistent or recurrent feelings of detachment from one's mental or bodily processes or from one's surroundings. A diagnosis is made when the dissociation is persistent and interferes with the social and/or occupational functions of daily life. However, accurate descriptions of the symptoms are hard to provide due to the subjective nature of depersonalization/derealization and sufferers' ambiguous use of language when describing these episodes.Depersonalization-derealization disorder is thought to be caused largely by severe traumatic lifetime events, including childhood abuse, accidents, natural disasters, war, torture, and bad drug experiences. It is unclear whether genetics play a role; however, there are many neurochemical and hormonal changes in individuals suffering with depersonalization disorder. The disorder is typically associated with cognitive disruptions in early perceptual and attentional processes.Although the disorder is an alteration in the subjective experience of reality, it is not a form of psychosis, as sufferers maintain the ability to distinguish between their own internal experiences and the objective reality of the outside world. During episodic and continuous depersonalization, sufferers can distinguish between reality and fantasy. In other words, their grasp on reality remains stable at all times.While depersonalization-derealization disorder was once considered rare, lifetime experiences with the disorder occur in approximately 1%–2% of the general population. The chronic form of this disorder has a reported prevalence of 0.1 to 1.9% While these numbers may seem small, depersonalization/derealization experiences have been reported by a majority of the general population, with varying degrees of intensity. While brief episodes of depersonalization or derealization can be common in the general population, the disorder is only diagnosed when these symptoms cause significant distress or impair social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.