Harmonisation of ICD–11 and DSM–V
... tic disorder, has identical DSM–IV and ICD–10 definitions.
Appendix 1 lists those disorders (39 criteria sets, 22% of the 175
non-identical sets) whose definitional differences were judged to
be conceptually based; with the conceptual basis noted in the right
hand column. Appendix 2 lists the remain ...
The Prevalence of DSM-IV Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder
... more than half of which were published after the only
previous meta-analysis of the prevalence of ADHD was
completed. Although prevalence estimates reported by individual studies varied widely, pooled results suggest that the
prevalence of DSM-IV ADHD is similar, whether ADHD is
defined by parent ra ...
Generalized anxiety disorder and clinical worry episodes in young
... Background. This article presents epidemiological data on the prevalence of DSM-IV generalized
anxiety disorder (GAD) and sub-threshold GAD (fulfilling three out of four GAD criteria) in young
women together with data on co-morbidity and psychosocial functioning. The prevalence of
clinically relevan ...
... in the patient’s typical behavior and must be relatively persistent for at least
several days (e.g., at least one week in DSM-5).6 Additionally, several other
defining symptoms must be present to make a diagnosis of mania, the specific
number of which varies according to the diagnostic criteria set ...
An evaluation of the impact of the DSM-IV
... syndrome characterized by impairment to social communication adjoined by the presence
of rigidity, restricted interests, and/or repetitive behaviors. Diagnosis of Autism
Spectrum Disorder recently shifted from a series of pervasive developmental disorders
recognized in the 4th edition of the Diagnos ...
Dissociation in the Finnish General Population
... a three-year follow-up study. Dissociation was measured with the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) and its
subscale for pathological dissociation, the Dissociative Experiences Scale Taxon (DES-T), and with the Somatoform
Dissociation Questionnaire (SDQ-20).
Participants in the study (n = 3004) we ...
ADHD and Comorbid Conditions
... that has existed or may occur during the clinical course of the patient who has the index
disease. Blashfield (2009,1994) has referred to the co-morbidity as a concordance of a
different disease in the same individual. Likewise, Caron and Rutter have defined
comorbidity as the simultaneous occurrenc ...
Disordered eating and psychological help-seeking
... in treatment to understand what helped them seek treatment or what kept them out of
treatment in the past; only a few studies have sampled a group of women with eating
concerns who are not currently in treatment to find predictors of their help-seeking
attitudes, or intentions (Meyer, 2001; Meyer 20 ...
Evaluation and Assessment Issues in the Diagnosis
... school-age children based on the Diagnostic and Statistical
Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV)-referenced, teacher-completed behavior rating scales vary more
widely than one would like44-53 if one is depending on the
questionnaire results for diagnosis. Overall prevalence rates
Autism spectrum disorders : an epidemiological
... Results: The prevalence of AS according to DSM-IV was 2.5, to ICD-10 2.9, to Gillberg 2.7,
and to Szatmari et al. 1.6 per 1,000. The prevalence of autism was 4.1 and that of ASDs 8.4 per
1,000 (DSM-IV). DSM-5 draft criteria were less sensitive in detecting AS/HFA. For 7- to 12-yearold children (IQ ≥ ...
(PGD) or - Center for Research on End-of
... • It is not normal for a bereaved person to feel unsure of who
s/he is or where s/he fits in after the loss
• It is not normal to be chronically disinterested or disengaged
from others and the world around him/her
• It is not normal to feel that there is no joy or hope for the future
without the dec ...
as a PDF
... A growing trend in the assessment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the use of structured interviews that use dimensional rather than categorical (present or absent) rating scales to
evaluate PTSD symptom severity. Examples of such interviews
include the Structured Interview for PTSD (SI-PT ...
(g) Adult Bipolar Disorder
... • Typical BPD patient averages 8-10 manic or depressive
episodes over a lifetime, though some may have many
more or fewer episodes
• Even when optimally treated, the BPD symptoms may
wax and wane significantly
• BPD diagnoses can change (i.e. patients with one type of
bipolar diagnosis and go on to ...
CBHSQ DATA REVIEW
... mental health services for adults with SMI. The
law required states to include prevalence estimates
in their annual applications for block grant funds.
This legislation also required SAMHSA to develop a
definition for the term “adults with SMI.” SAMHSA
defined adults with SMI as individuals aged 18 ...
S tudy o f Impu ulsivity
... clinical interview designed for the purpose of the present work. Finally, the Global Assessment of
Functioning (GAF) was used to evaluate general symptoms and disorder severity. The results
showed that BPD individuals with history of suicidal behaviours were characterized by higher
levels of behavio ...
Running Head: IMPLICATIONS OF COMORBIDITY THE DEMANDS
... Potential reasons for such outcomes include the stigma associated with multiple diagnoses, a
lack of understanding about the causal interactions that bring about comorbidity, and the use
of homogeneous or “pure” samples in treatment efficacy research.
Stigma associated with a mental disorder diagnos ...
... Describe the components of the mental status examination.
Identify target symptoms, behaviors, and potential side
effects for the following types of medications: antianxiety
(anxiolytic), antipsychotic, and antidepressant drugs.
Summarize current thinking about the etiology of schizophrenia
and the ...
Movements of Moods: Interplay Between Science, Clinical Practice
... In the course of doing this research, I have often found myself in a situation where
I have to explain what am I, as a sociologist, doing studying bipolar disorder and
psychiatry? A common assumption is that as a sociologist I would be studying
the social factors relating to bipolar disorder such as ...
Educator TOOLKIT NEDA
... muscle tension. Biofeedback is used to teach people how to alter
bodily functions through relaxation or imagery. Typically, a practitioner describes stressful situations and guides a person through
using relaxation techniques. The person can see how their heart
rate and blood pressure change in resp ...
Longitudinal Predictors of Bipolar Spectrum Disorders: A Behavioral
... of bipolar spectrum disorders (Alloy et al., 2005, 2006a,
2006d). Specifically, we review the role of recently
experienced life events as longitudinal predictors of
bipolar disorder mood episodes and symptoms. As
discussed in detail by Alloy et al. (2005), there are a
variety of methodological limit ...
Anxiety in Children with Headaches
... times as many headaches as girls who did not have anxiety disorder. Nevertheless
interesting results were found for the connection between anxiety, depressive
symptoms and headaches: depressive girls reported headaches more frequently and
had more severe effects, as a result of headaches, on their l ...
The loss of control over eating, a defining feature of binge eating, is
... each other, indicating a relatively low degree of overlap between the two types of binge
episodes. Further indication that OBEs and SBEs are each associated with psychopathology
was demonstrated in regression analyses showing that both binge types significantly and
independently predicted specific e ...
Body dysmorphic disorder: some key issues for DSMV - DSM-5
... BDD’s classification to provide a context for our
discussion of key issues that are specifically relevant to
DSM-V (this article is not intended to be a general or
comprehensive overview of BDD). The key issues reflect
problems with DSM-IV or concepts that are critical to
the diagnosis of BDD. In ad ...
Depersonalization disorder (DPD) is a mental disorder in which the sufferer has persistent or recurrent feelings of depersonalization and/or derealization. In the DSM-5 it was combined with Derealization Disorder and renamed to Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder (DDPD). In the DSM-5 it remains classified as a dissociative disorder, while in the ICD-10 it is called depersonalization-derealization syndrome and classified as a neurotic disorder.Symptoms can be classified as either depersonalization or derealization. Depersonalization is described as feeling disconnected or estranged from one's body, thoughts, or emotions. Individuals experiencing depersonalization may report feeling as if they are in a dream or are watching themselves in a movie. They may feel like an outside observer of their own thoughts or body, and often report feeling a loss of control over their thoughts or actions. In some cases, individuals may be unable to accept their reflection as their own, or they may have out-of-body experiences. While depersonalization is a sense of detachment from one's self, derealization is described as detachment from one's surroundings. Individuals experiencing derealization may report perceiving the world around them as foggy, dreamlike/surreal, or visually distorted.In addition to these depersonalization-derealization disorder symptoms, the inner turmoil created by the disorder can result in depression, self-harm, low self-esteem, anxiety attacks, panic attacks, phobias, etc. It can also cause a variety of physical symptoms, including chest pain, blurry vision, nausea, and the sensation of pins and needles in one's arms or legs.Diagnostic criteria for depersonalization-derealization disorder includes, among other symptoms, persistent or recurrent feelings of detachment from one's mental or bodily processes or from one's surroundings. A diagnosis is made when the dissociation is persistent and interferes with the social and/or occupational functions of daily life. However, accurate descriptions of the symptoms are hard to provide due to the subjective nature of depersonalization/derealization and sufferers' ambiguous use of language when describing these episodes.Depersonalization-derealization disorder is thought to be caused largely by severe traumatic lifetime events, including childhood abuse, accidents, natural disasters, war, torture, and bad drug experiences. It is unclear whether genetics play a role; however, there are many neurochemical and hormonal changes in individuals suffering with depersonalization disorder. The disorder is typically associated with cognitive disruptions in early perceptual and attentional processes.Although the disorder is an alteration in the subjective experience of reality, it is not a form of psychosis, as sufferers maintain the ability to distinguish between their own internal experiences and the objective reality of the outside world. During episodic and continuous depersonalization, sufferers can distinguish between reality and fantasy. In other words, their grasp on reality remains stable at all times.While depersonalization-derealization disorder was once considered rare, lifetime experiences with the disorder occur in approximately 1%–2% of the general population. The chronic form of this disorder has a reported prevalence of 0.1 to 1.9% While these numbers may seem small, depersonalization/derealization experiences have been reported by a majority of the general population, with varying degrees of intensity. While brief episodes of depersonalization or derealization can be common in the general population, the disorder is only diagnosed when these symptoms cause significant distress or impair social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.