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Download Mental Disorders and Addictive Behavior
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Mental Disorders Illness that affects a person’s thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. (Many types) Symptoms (should only be diagnosed by a licensed professional) Too much or too little sleep Feelings of Extreme Sadness Unexplained Mood Changes Personality Changes Drug or Alcohol Abuse Lack of Concentration Extreme Anxiety or Irrational Fear False Perceptions of Reality I. Anxiety Disorders • Disorders in which real or imagined fears occur so often they prevent a person from enjoying life. • Phobias are an example. II. Panic Disorder Sudden feeling of terror that strikes without warning. Putting oneself in danger by trying to escape the situation. III. Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder Avoidance of experiences that could trigger memories of a traumatic experience such as wartime experiences or abuse. IV. Clinical Depression • Prolonged and persistent depression. It is typically treated with medication. V. Hypochondria Belief of illness when none is present VI. Bipolar Disorder • A mood disorder in which a person’s moods vary from being very high to very depressed. It is caused by a chemical imbalance and is uncontrollable. VII. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) • Behavior that is characterized by unreasonable thoughts and actions that are rigid, inflexible, and repetitive. VIII. Schizophrenia • A mental disorder in which there is a split or breakdown in logical thought processes. • False perception of reality • Hallucinations and/or delusions IX. Addictive Behavior • Behavior associated with repeated and continual connection with an activity or object that results in unhealthful effects on the person. • It is usually an escape from situations or responsibilities that are painful or difficult. X. Codependence • A mental disorder in which a person loses personal identity, has frozen feelings, and copes ineffectively. Enabler • A person who knowingly or unknowingly supports a person who has an addiction by protecting them, making it easy for them to continue in the addiction. Intervention • A confrontation by people such as parents, spouses, or friends, who wish to help a person with an addiction. Treatment • Therapy that helps a person overcome an addiction. Individual therapy, group therapy, and 12-step programs are effective forms of therapy. Relapse • A return to an addiction after a period of abstaining from it.