Dissociation in the Finnish General Population
... and practical knowledge of writing scientific articles have provided support in carrying out all
phases of my thesis.
I owe my deepest gratitude to my supervisor, Docent Antti Tanskanen, who proposed the topic
of this thesis to me and introduced me to the world of scientific research. His pioneering ...
Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents
... has seen a rapid expansion of scientific knowledge in this field and has provided a new understanding of
the underlying pathology of mental disorders in these age groups. This series is aimed at practitioners
and researchers both in child and adolescent mental health services and in developmental an ...
International Adaptations of the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory
... DSM PDs and several CSs. Practitioners like that it is normed
on psychiatric patients rather than normal adults, and researchers appreciate its close alignment to the DSM. Both value its
grounding in Millon’s (Millon & Davis, 1996) clinical science
model that integrates evolutionary principles, theo ...
Specific phobia: a review of DSM-IV specific phobia and - DSM-5
... situations such as driving, tunnels, bridges, enclosed
places, or flying), and other type (fear cued by other
stimuli, such as loud noises and costumed characters as
well as situations that could lead to illness, choking,
or vomiting). These types were an addition to the
DSM-IV criteria, based on a ...
Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures
... challenging, the differential diagnosis has greatly improved during the past thirty
unnecessary antiepileptic medi ...
Cognitive Therapy of Anxiety Disorders
... handbook for cognitive therapy is timely in order to encourage greater use by clinicians
of evidence-based psychotherapy for the anxiety disorders.
The book is divided into three parts. Part I consists of four chapters on the reformulated cognitive model of anxiety and its empirical status. Chapter ...
Pseudohallucinations in an adolescent
... hallucinations are ideal vehicles for conversion symptoms, as a “voice” is capable of expressing
many conflicts. This lessens the need to express the conflicts by other means (McKegney, 1967).
The external origin would also mean that the individual does not have to claim responsibility or
IAN HACKING ON PIERRE JANET:
... since the moment in which Irène was able to think voluntarily about her mother, she stopped thinking about
her involuntarily... The hysterical crises stopped completely (Janet, 1904/1911, p. 527). Irène was cured
because... she was to complete the assimilation of the event. (Janet, 1919/1925, p. 681 ...
States of Consciousness
... psychology is a discipline that studies how universal patterns of behavior and cognitive processes have
evolved over time as a result of natural selection. Variations and adaptations in cognition and behavior
make individuals more or less successful in reproducing and passing their genes to their of ...
Stress and Somatic Symptoms - Digital Commons @ SPU
... Somatic symptoms refer to physical or bodily symptoms, which may be attributed to a
specific disease, or they may be labeled medically unexplained symptoms when there is no
discernable medical cause (Fink & Rosendal, 2008). The term ‘no discernable medical cause’
does not imply that the symptoms are ...
... management of phobic disorders is usually not a very visible topic in
psychiatric congresses, and the literature on these disorders is mostly
perused by a small circle of clinicians and researchers. This book focusing
on phobias within a series reaching general psychiatrists of all regions of the
GASTRO-ESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD):
... dependent, and anything that strays from these norms is considered
undesirable female behavior. These expectations place undue stress on
women as they attempt to follow these standards while maintaining some
semblance of self. The social pressure to assume a powerless role can
further exacerbate sym ...
Chronic fatigue syndrome - BORA
... (CCBT) program of CBT, body awareness therapy and graded exercise. By 3 months
the CCBT program had better effect on fatigue symptoms and clinical global severity
than mirtazapine medication or placebo alone. By combining the interventions, the
combination of CCBT followed by mirtazapine had signifi ...
... Comparison of four different treatment options in the management of acute conversion
All the four different treatment strategies brought about significant recovery. However, after
treating patients with muscle relaxation, recovery was faster compared to other treatment
... situations, labeled entrapment, is central to the development of depressive symptoms (Gilbert,
2001a, 2001b). Gilbert and Allan (1998) argue that the motivation to escape, central to
entrapment, distinguishes it from related concepts like learned helplessness.
In humans, a sense of entrapment may be ...
CME Body Dysmorphic Disorder and Cosmetic Surgery
... Body dysmorphic disorder is currently categorized as a somatoform disorder.45 This classification has been criticized, with some researchers asserting that body dysmorphic disorder
should be considered an obsessive-compulsive
spectrum disorder47,48 or an affective spectrum
Three diagnost ...
Dissociative Experience and Cultural Neuroscience
... and dissociative experiences; younger people (e.g., college students) reported more
dissociative experiences than older individuals, particularly absorption and depersonalization experiences (Ross et al. 1990; Ray 1996).
Though many of the college students who scored high on the DES came close to
Tinnitus Grand Rounds
... sufficient to achieve permanent habituation
Need to enhance auditory background ie.
partial masking, particularly in quiet envir.
Increased background spontaneous and
evoked activity in auditory pathways,
reduces contrast of tinnitus to background
noise facilitating habituation
Must avoid mask ...
Generalized Anxiety Disorder in Patients With Major Depression: Is
... treatment now?” If the patient’s answer was no, we asked the following question: “Now that we’ve talked about (symptoms of disorder), would you like your treatment here to address these symptoms?” When asking these questions, the interviewer reviewed
Am J Psychiatry 160:3, March 2003
Trauma-Informed Care in Behavioral Health Services. Treatment
... The views, opinions, and content expressed herein are the views of the consensus panel members
and do not necessarily reflect the official position of SAMHSA or HHS. No official support of
or endorsement by SAMHSA or HHS for these opinions or for the instruments or resources
described are intended o ...
Malingering of Psychiatric Disorders: A Review
... Although this model may account for a small percentage of
malingerers, it has been criticized for its failure to account
for those who malinger purely for profit. On the other hand,
this model is preferred by some, as it seems to be minimally
pejorative (Yates et al, 1998).
C) Criteria based DSM Con ...
trait affective, behavioral, and cognitive factors of anxiety
... 2002; Jacques & Mash, 2004; Lonigan et al., 2003), while another did not find a relationship
(Chorpita et al., 2000). Collectively, these studies suggest negative affectivity plays a role in
social phobia, GAD, OCD, and depression symptoms in adults, but that these relationships are
possibly less st ...
An Evolutionary Perspective on Panic Disorder and
... of explanation. An analysis of evolutionary origins and functions is required
for a defense but is inappropriate for a defect. The immediate cause of a
defect is an etiological agent that may disrupt many systems, whereas the
immediate cause of a defensive response is a stimulus that acts upon senso ...
Treatments for combat-related PTSD
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a very broad category involved in psychological disorders. PTSD is ""consequence of terrifying occurrences, both natural and manmade, which shock the psychological system and violate core assumptions that life is predictable, safe, and secure"" (Sharpless). Combat PTSD is common in soldiers that have experienced time in combat on the battlefield where they were exposed to many different traumatic scenes and situations. In the United States, the people that are involved with the treatment of combat PTSD are most likely employed by Veteran Affairs (VA). The treatments and therapies discussed will be prolonged exposure therapy, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing, cognitive processing therapy, drug therapy, and a few other therapies that are less practiced.