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Transcript
CONFIDENTIAL
THE DOHA AMENDMENT TO THE KYOTO PROTOCOL TO
THE UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON
CLIMATE CHANGE (UNFCCC)
SELECT COMMITTEE
25 NOVEMBER 2014
CONFIDENTIAL
1
CONFIDENTIAL
PURPOSE
• To brief the Select Committee on the Doha
Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol to the
UNFCCC
CONFIDENTIAL
2
CONFIDENTIAL
OVERVIEW
1. South Africa’s National Interests;
2. Acceptance to the Doha Amendment/2nd
commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol;
3
CONFIDENTIAL
CONFIDENTIAL
SOUTH AFRICA’S NATIONAL
INTEREST[1]
• South Africa needs a global climate change regime
which:
• Minimises the impact of climate change – which will
be severe for South Africa, and undermine
development gains;
• Does not impose a mitigation burden on South Africa
which would compromise the country’s ability to meet
its development challenges; and
• Provides support to developing countries in line with
the National Climate Change Response Policy and
National Development Plan mandate to shift to a low
carbon development path, and adapt to adverse
effects of climate change.
4
CONFIDENTIAL
CONFIDENTIAL
SOUTH AFRICA’S NATIONAL
INTEREST[2]
• To achieve this, South Africa needs a comprehensive,
multilateral, rule-based, legal international climate
regime, which is equitable, and respects the principle of
common but differentiated responsibilities and respective
capabilities between developed and developing countries;
• Acceptance of the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto
Protocol to the UNFCCC by South Africa and the
international community.
5
CONFIDENTIAL
CONFIDENTIAL
DOHA AMENDMENT[1]
• Doha agreed on work-plan for negotiation of the new legal
agreement, to be concluded by 2015;
• Agreement reached on entry into force provisions for the eight
year long 2nd commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol
(KP) that was already agreed in Durban to come into effect on 1
Jan 2013- This require Ratification/Accession/Acceptance
(depending on what applies to individual Parties as per national
laws) by KP Parties;
• The agreed Doha Amendment (2nd CP under the KP) to the
Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC shall enter into force for those
Parties having accepted it on the 90th day after date of
receipt by the Depository of an Instrument of Acceptance by
at least ¾ of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol;
• Parties intending to provisionally apply the amendment pending
its entry into force may provide notification to the Depository of
their intention to provisionally apply the amendment.
CONFIDENTIAL
6
CONFIDENTIAL
PROPOSED AMENDMENT [2]
• The Doha Amendment effects major changes to Annex
B, Annex A and Article 3 of the Kyoto Protocol to the
UNFCCC:
a) Annex B contains two columns, one listing the names of the
Parties and another containing the quantified emission limitation
or reduction commitment (QELRC);
b) Annex A containing the greenhouse gases that Parties will need
to report on. Parties will now have to include Nitrogen
trifluoride (NF3) to the other 6 greenhouse gases for reporting;
c) Article 3 paragraph 12 in particular also prevent Annex I Parties
from carrying over new hot air into the third or subsequent
agreement.
7
CONFIDENTIAL
ADVANTAGES OF ACCEPTANCE[3]
a)
Legal commitment by Annex 1 Parties to contribute to global
effort to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Under Article 3
of the Protocol, Annex 1 Parties are obliged to achieve their
quantified emission limitation and reduction commitments.
b) Financial benefit- (i) continuation of capitalisation of the
Adaptation Fund, through the 2% share of proceeds from the
sale of assigned amount units, as well as a 2% levy on certified
emission reduction units from projects under the Clean
Development Mechanism and (ii) assistance to mitigate and
adapt to impacts of climate change, technology, capacity
building, networking with other nations.
c) Continuation of Clean Development Mechanism – providing
opportunities for sustainable development, promoting job
opportunities, improving air quality and transferring
technologies.
CONFIDENTIAL
8
CONFIDENTIAL
RECOMMENDATION
It is recommended that the Select Committee:
• Recommend to National Assembly the acceptance
of the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol to
the UNFCCC.
CONFIDENTIAL
9