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Transcript
After leaving Troy, this hero played a role in the
founding of Rome. He is the ancestor of the
prominent Roman rulers.
Aeneas
These twins were raised by wolves.
Which one is Rome named after?
Romulus & Remus
Romulus
This is a type of government where
people elect representatives; also
known as an indirect democracy.
republic
This famous dictator stepped down
from power.
Cincinnatus
These are the common people, such as
craftsmen, traders, peasants.
plebeians
The minority of the population,
including nobles who could be elected
to government.
patricians
elected officials who held one year
terms
magistrates
These are the two most powerful
magistrates.
consuls
This council of powerful Romans
advised officials and held office for life.
Senate
This means to forbid.
veto
What was the language of the
Romans?
Latin
This is a method of making sure
one group never gets too powerful.
checks and balances
Rome’s public meeting place is called
the ________.
Forum
These written laws were displayed
in the Forum. They are a symbol
of the rights of the Roman people.
Law of the Twelve Tables
This is a government with 3 parts.
tripartite
This word means an army group
with up to 6000 soldiers.
legion
This was a long series of wars
between Rome and Carthage.
Punic Wars
This brilliant general from Carthage
used elephants at war.
Hannibal
These Roman tribunes who wanted
to help Rome’s poor were killed for
their beliefs.
Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
A Roman consul who encouraged
poor people to join the army.
Gaius Marius
A powerful Roman General who
became consul, then started a civil
war.
Lucius Cornelius Sulla
This former gladiator led a slave
rebellion.
Spartacus