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Unit 14 Ancient
Rome- Part 1
Definition: Highlight Key Terms
A government created in Rome where the people
elect leaders to govern them
Rulers with almost absolute power
Romulus and
The group of common people or peasants in
Rome who were calling for changing the
government where they had more of a say in how
the city was run.
Roman nobles who ran the government. Only they
could be elected to office, so they help all political
A hero of Rome during the Trojan War who helped
destroy Troy
Brothers who are believed to be the founders of
One of Rome’s most famous dictators who was a
farmer. The Romans chose him to be the leader to
protect from invaders. After leading Rome to
victory, he resigned and returned to farming.
Government officials who were elected
The title of the two most powerful magistrates
Roman Senate
A council of wealthy and powerful Romans that
advised the city’s leader.
checks and
Punic Wars
Gaius Marius
To prohibit actions by other officials
The language in Ancient Rome
A method of balancing power
A group of up to 6,000 soldiers
A serious of wars against Carthage, a city in
northern Africa
Considered to be one of greatest generals.
Started the 2nd Punic War and became the leader
of Carthage.
A consul of the Roman army who encouraged
poor people to join the army. Before only people
who owned property could fight.
A consul who had conflicts with Marius that leads
to a civil war in Rome. Defeated Marius and
makes himself dictator of Rome who used power
to punish enemies
Former gladiator who rises up to demanded
freedom. Is killed in battle and revolt ends.
a person, often a slave or captive, who was armed
with a sword or other weapon and forced to fight
to the death in a public arena against another
person or a wild animal, for the entertainment of
the spectators.
Reminds me of…