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Roman Provinces and Empire Provinces The Growth of Rome under the Republic The Growth of Rome The Roman Province Governed by a Roman Governor (often a former senior magistrate, like a consul or praetor) The governor had almost unchecked power, as an appeal to his decisions to Rome was difficult and rare. The governor had command of the army, oversaw taxation, administered justice, and was the only one who could impose the death penalty Taxes were typically auctioned to private collection groups of companies. The governor could and would deal with any uprising or outside enemy using the army Even when Rome was a republic, the administration of the provinces was not representative, but rather that of subjects War and brutality Almost the entire population of Carthage was killed All the male population of Corinth was put to death; women and children were enslaved Caesar reportedly put 1,000,000 Gauls to death Entire tribes or towns were often razed to the ground or enslaved The earlier policy of Rome to acquire allies and often secure loyalty with diplomacy seems to be forgotten in the years of expansion. The brutality of the times would encourage dedication to the ideals of mercy, love and non-aggression and thus fuel the spread of early Christianity.